Julia A. Schillinger

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OBJECTIVES After syphilis outbreaks were reported at 3 Alabama State men's prisons in early 1999, we conducted an investigation to evaluate risk factors for syphilis infection and describe patterns of syphilis transmission. METHODS We reviewed medical, patient interview, and prison transfer records and documented sexual networks. Presumptive source cases(More)
BACKGROUND Trichomonas vaginalis is the causative agent of human trichomoniasis, the most common non-viral sexually transmitted infection world-wide. Despite its prevalence, little is known about the genetic diversity and population structure of this haploid parasite due to the lack of appropriate tools. The development of a panel of microsatellite makers(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the fever module in the WHO/UNICEF guidelines for the integrated management of childhood illness (IMCI) identifies children with bacterial infections in an area of low malaria prevalence. METHODS Physicians assessed a systematic sample of 669 sick children aged 2-59 months who presented to the outpatient department of Dhaka(More)
BACKGROUND Sexually transmitted bacterial rectal infections are objective markers of HIV risk behavior. Quantifying HIV risk among men who have sex with men (MSM) who have had these infections can inform prevention efforts. We measured HIV risk among MSM who have and those who have not been diagnosed with rectal Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and/or rectal(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiologic studies have shown that syphilis is associated with risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. We used population-level syphilis and HIV data to quantify HIV incidence among men following primary or secondary (P&S) syphilis diagnoses and identify the highest-risk subgroups for intensified prevention, such as pre-exposure(More)
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