Julia A M Hubbard

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A 130-residue fragment of the Staphylococcus aureus fibronectin-binding protein has been found to exist in a highly unfolded conformation at neutral pH. Measurement of experimental NMR 3JHNalpha coupling constants provides evidence for individual residues having distinct main-chain conformational preferences that are dependent both on the amino acid(More)
The effects of iron limitation on growth, the composition and function of the respiratory chains, and gallium uptake in Escherichia coli have been studied. Decreasing the iron concentration in a defined medium using Chelex resin gave lower growth yields in both continuous culture and prolonged batch culture. In the former, iron-limited (entering [Fe] less(More)
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy have been used to characterize the conformation of the putative cytoplasmic domain of phospholamban (PLB), an oligomeric membrane-bound protein which regulates the activity of the cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-dependent ATPase. In aqueous solution the 25-residue peptide adopts(More)
Inhibition of the aspartyl protease BACE-1 has the potential to deliver a disease-modifying therapy for Alzheimer's disease. We have recently disclosed a series of transition-state mimetic BACE-1 inhibitors showing nanomolar potency in cell-based assays. Amongst them, GSK188909 (compound 2) had favorable pharmacokinetics and was the first orally(More)
A 130-residue fragment (D1-D4) taken from a fibronectin-binding protein of Staphylococcus aureus, which contains four fibronectin-binding repeats and is unfolded but biologically active at neutral pH, has been studied extensively by NMR spectroscopy. Using heteronuclear multidimensional techniques, the conformational properties of D1-D4 have been defined at(More)
A novel series of P2-P4 macrocyclic HCV NS3/4A protease inhibitors with α-amino cyclic boronates as warheads at the P1 site was designed and synthesized. When compared to their linear analogs, these macrocyclic inhibitors exhibited a remarkable improvement in cell-based replicon activities, with compounds 9a and 9e reaching sub-micromolar potency in(More)
Our first generation of hydroxyethylamine BACE-1 inhibitors proved unlikely to provide molecules that would lower amyloid in an animal model at low oral doses. This observation led us to the discovery of a second generation of inhibitors having nanomolar activity in a cell-based assay and with the potential for improved pharmacokinetic profiles. In this(More)
Our first generation of hydroxyethylamine transition-state mimetic BACE-1 inhibitors allowed us to validate BACE-1 as a key target for Alzheimer's disease by demonstrating amyloid lowering in an animal model, albeit at rather high doses. Finding a molecule from this series which was active at lower oral doses proved elusive and demonstrated the need to find(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Thermostabilization by mutagenesis is one method which has facilitated the determination of high-resolution structures of the adenosine A2A receptor (A(2A)R). Sets of mutations were identified, which both thermostabilized the receptor and resulted in preferential agonist (Rag23 mutant) or antagonist (Rant5 and Rant21) binding forms as(More)