Juli A Foster-Frey

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LysK is a staphylococcal bacteriophage endolysin composed of three domains: an N-terminal cysteine, histidine-dependent amidohydrolases/peptidases (CHAP) endopeptidase domain, a midprotein amidase 2 domain, and a C-terminal SH3b_5 (SH3b) cell wall-binding domain. Both catalytic domains are active on purified peptidoglycan by positive-ion electrospray(More)
The Staphylococcus aureus bacteriophage phi11 endolysin has two peptidoglycan hydrolase domains (endopeptidase and amidase) and an SH3b cell wall-binding domain. In turbidity reduction assays, the purified protein can lyse untreated staphylococcal mastitis pathogens, Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci (Staphylococcus chronogenes,(More)
LysK is the endolysin from the staphylococcal bacteriophage K, and can digest the cell wall of many staphylococci. Lysostaphin is a bacteriocin secreted by Staphylococcus simulans to kill Staphylococcus aureus. Both LysK and lysostaphin have been shown to lyse methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). This study describes optimal reaction conditions for the(More)
The Streptococcus agalactiae bacteriophage B30 endolysin contains three domains: cysteine, histidine-dependent amidohydrolase/peptidase (CHAP), Acm glycosidase, and the SH3b cell wall binding domain. Truncations and point mutations indicated that the Acm domain requires the SH3b domain for activity, while the CHAP domain is responsible for nearly all the(More)
Streptococcal pathogens contribute to a wide variety of human and livestock diseases. The routine use of antibiotics to battle these pathogens has produced a new class of multidrug-resistant streptococci. Thus, there is a need for new antimicrobials. Bacteriophage endolysins (peptidoglycan hydrolases) comprise one group of new antimicrobials that are(More)
Staphylococcal peptidoglycan hydrolases are a potential new source of antimicrobials. A large subset harbors C-terminal SH3b_5 cell wall binding domains. These C-terminal domains have been shown to be necessary for accurate cell wall recognition and subsequent staphylolytic activity for some endolysins. Over fifty proteins of staphylococcal or phage origin(More)
Escherchia coli causes mastitis, an economically significant disease in dairy animals. E. coli endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) when bound by host membrane proteins such as CD-14, causes release of proinflammatory cytokines recruiting neutrophils as an early, innate immune response. Excessive proinflammatory cytokines causes tissue damage, compromising(More)
Transgenic (TG) gilts carrying a human Bcl-2 cDNA transgene driven by mouse inhibin-alpha subunit promoter were produced and evaluated to determine if ectopic expression of Bcl-2 in the ovaries would decrease the frequency of atresia in antral follicles and increase ovulation rate. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that the Bcl-2 transgene protein was(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is a notorious pathogen highly successful at developing resistance to virtually all antibiotics to which it is exposed. Staphylococcal phage 2638A endolysin is a peptidoglycan hydrolase that is lytic for S. aureus when exposed externally, making it a new candidate antimicrobial. It shares a common protein organization with more than 40(More)