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A method is presented for representing botanical trees, given three-dimensional points and connections. Limbs are modeled as generalized cylinders whose axes are space curves that interpolate the points. A free-form surface connects branching limbs. "Blobby" techniques are used to model the tree trunk as a series of non-circular cross sections. Bark is(More)
In recent years, numerous techniques have been developed for the polygonization of implicit surfaces. This article reviews the principal algorithms and provides a framework for identifying their conceptual similarities as well as their practical differences. Particular attention is devoted to the much discussed problem of topological ambiguity, with(More)
Smoothly blended articulated models are often difficult to construct using current techniques. Our solution in this paper is to extend the surfaces introduced by Blinn [Blinn 1982] by using three-dimensional convolution with skeletons composed of polygons or curves. The resulting convolution surfaces permit fluid topology changes, seamless part joins, and(More)