Jukka Turkka

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BACKGROUND Recent observations have indicated that reproductive endocrine disorders are common among women taking valproate (VPA) for epilepsy, but it is not known whether respective abnormalities develop in men taking VPA for epilepsy. Carbamazepine (CBZ) may induce endocrine disorders in men with epilepsy, but the endocrine effects of oxcarbazepine (OXC)(More)
BACKGROUND Driving is a complex form of activity involving especially cognitive and psychomotor functions. These functions may be impaired by Parkinson's disease. The relation between Parkinson's disease and driving ability is still obscure and clinicians have to make decisions concerning the driving ability of their patients based on insufficient(More)
PURPOSE Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) may affect serum thyroid hormone concentrations. This study aimed to evaluate thyroid function in men taking carbamazepine (CBZ), oxcarbazepine (OCBZ), or valproate (VPA) for epilepsy. METHODS Ninety men with epilepsy (40 taking CBZ, 29 taking OCBZ, and 21 taking VPA monotherapy) and 25 control subjects participated in(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate cardiovascular responses as a marker of autonomic nervous system (ANS) disturbances in patients with untreated Parkinson's disease (PD) and to assess the relationship between them and the clinical characteristics of PD. The ANS functions were investigated in 50 patients with PD and 55 healthy subjects by measuring(More)
Sweating was measured with an evaporimeter in 5 different positions on both sides of the body in 23 patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease and in 11 age-matched control subjects before and after a heating stimulus. Perspiration was increased significantly both before and after the heating provocation in the upper part of the body (the forehead, chest(More)
The syndrome of mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and strokelike episodes (MELAS) may present with symptoms that resemble a stroke. The strokelike episodes most commonly involve the posterior part of the cerebrum. We identified retrospectively 38 patients with an occipital stroke between ages 18 to 45 years during a 19-year period in a(More)
In order to study the role of the neurotransmitter noradrenaline (NA) and its main brain metabolite 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG) in autonomic failure in Parkinson's disease (PD), an analysis of the relation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) NA and MHPG levels and a rating of autonomic nervous system (ANS) impairment was carried out. The mean baseline(More)
Selegiline (L-deprenyl), a selective inhibitor of monoamine oxidase type B, is an established adjuvant to levodopa therapy in Parkinson's disease (PD). To evaluate whether selegiline also effects the severity and progression of autonomic nervous system dysfunction in PD, we studied autonomic functions by measuring cardiovascular responses to normal(More)
PURPOSE Weight gain is an important adverse effect of valproate (VPA) therapy, and it is associated with hyperinsulinemia and hyperandrogenism in women with epilepsy. Leptin is considered a signaling factor regulating body weight and energy metabolism. In human subjects, obesity is in general associated with elevated serum leptin levels, suggesting(More)