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Multiple organ failure (MOF) is a major cause of morbidity and mortali ty in the critically ill patient. Emerging in the 1970s, the concept of MOF was linked to modern developments in intensive care medicine [1]. Although an uncontrolled infection can lead to MOF [2], such a phenomenon is not always found. A number of mediators and the persistence of tissue(More)
Objective: To evaluate the performance of total maximum sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score and a derived measure, delta SOFA (total maximum SOFA score minus admission total SOFA) as a descriptor of multiple organ dysfunction/failure in intensive care. Design: Prospective, multicentre and multinational study. Setting: Forty intensive care units(More)
Objectives: To describe risk factors for the development of acute renal failure (ARF) in a population of intensive care unit (ICU) patients, and the association of ARF with multiple organ failure (MOF) and outcome using the sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score. Design: Prospective, multicenter, observational cohort analysis. Setting: Forty ICUs(More)
BACKGROUND Mortality rates of critically ill patients with acute renal failure (ARF) requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) are high. Intermittent and continuous RRT are available for these patients on the intensive care units (ICUs). It is unknown which technique is superior with respect to patient outcome. METHODS We randomized 125 patients to(More)
CONTEXT Long-term sedation with midazolam or propofol in intensive care units (ICUs) has serious adverse effects. Dexmedetomidine, an α(2)-agonist available for ICU sedation, may reduce the duration of mechanical ventilation and enhance patient comfort. OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy of dexmedetomidine vs midazolam or propofol (preferred usual care)(More)
BACKGROUND The administration of growth hormone can attenuate the catabolic response to injury, surgery, and sepsis. However, the effect of high doses of growth hormone on the length of stay in intensive care and in the hospital, the duration of mechanical ventilation, and the outcome in critically ill adults who are hospitalized for long periods is not(More)
UNLABELLED Organ dysfunction and multiple organ failure are the main causes of prolonged hospital stay after cardiac surgery, which increases resource use and health care costs. Increased levels of oxygen delivery and consumption are associated with improved outcome in different groups of postoperative patients. Cardiac surgical patients are at risk of(More)
Objective: To assess (1) the long-term outcome of patients requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) in terms of 6-month and 5-year mortality, (2) quality of life and (3) costs of the intensive care. Design: A retrospective observational cohort study. Setting: Twenty-three-bed multidisciplinary intensive care unit (ICU) in a tertiary care center. Patients(More)
The performance of a new gas exchange monitor was assessed both in laboratory simulation and in ICU patients. Laboratory simulation using N2 and CO2 injections resulted in a mean error of 2 +/- 2% in CO2 production (VCO2) and 4 +/- 4% in oxygen consumption (VO2) in respirator measurements (n = 55) and in a mean error of 3 +/- 2% in VCO2 and 4 +/- 2% in VO2(More)