Jukka Porras

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We studied 3231 patients with acute central nervous system (CNS) symptoms of suspected viral origin to elucidate the current etiologic spectrum. In 46% of the cases, a viral finding was observed. Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) was the main agent associated with encephalitis, as well as meningitis and myelitis. VZV comprised 29% of all confirmed or probable(More)
In a case-control study, outcomes for 58 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) were compared with outcomes for 174 HIV-negative patients with CAP. No differences were found in the time to clinical stability, the length of hospitalization, and mortality. Clinical outcomes for hospitalized patients with(More)
Sixty-one patients, 16 with classic and 45 with common migraine, were treated during three subsequent attacks with pirprofen, a new inhibitor of prostaglandin synthesis; an ergotamine tartrate compound; or placebo, in a randomized, double-blind multicentre study. Pain relief after a single dose and reduction of the attack intensity occurred most often with(More)
Two patients with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) are described because of the course of the disease, which is still thought to be unusual but might prove to be rather common. In both cases there was apparent recovery after about two years of illness. One of the patients had a relapse after eight years of remission and seems to have recovered(More)
During a thorough surveillance of viral infections of the central nervous system an outbreak of aseptic meningitis was discovered in the western part of Finland in late 1985. The 21 diseased young adults were carefully studied by different virological methods. A presumed viral etiology, in all cases of enteroviral origin, was found in 16 of 20 (80%) with(More)
SETTING A total of 33 hospitals in 13 countries in North America, Europe, Africa, Asia and Latin America. OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between the pneumonia severity index (PSI) and the time to clinical stability from intravenous to oral antibiotic therapy in hospitalized adult patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). DESIGN An(More)
Reliable data on the epidemiology of multiple sclerosis (MS) in Finland are available from 1964 and 1972. They show that the whole country is a high-risk area of MS with clustering in the western part. A reassessment of the prevalence data was carried out in the southern province of Uusimaa and in the western province of Vaasa, the prevalence day being(More)
In the present prospective study we have evaluated the sensitivity, specificity and predictive value of the Bengal rose and indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) in 122 patients with a bacteriological diagnosis of brucellosis. The sensitivity of the Bengal rose was 95.79% and its specificity 98.43%. IIF had a sensitivity of 68.80% and a specificity of 100% when(More)