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Disseminated infection with organisms of the Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) is a common complication of AIDS in the United States and other developing countries, but it is rare or absent in sub-Saharan Africa. To assess the comparative likelihood of exposure to MAC in these geographic areas, we used a standard protocol to culture 91 water samples from(More)
Prospective laboratory-based surveillance in 4 Finnish hospitals during 1999-2000 identified 1477 cases of nosocomial bloodstream infection (BSI), with an overall rate of 0.8 BSIs per 1000 patient-days. Of BSI cases, 33% were in patients with a hematological malignancy and 15% were in patients with a solid malignancy; 26% were in patients who had undergone(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify the sources of disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infection in AIDS. METHODS HIV positive subjects with CD4 counts <100/mm(3) in Atlanta, Boston, New Hampshire and Finland were entered in a prospective cohort study. Subjects were interviewed about potential MAC exposures, had phlebotomy performed for determination of(More)
We report the 1-year incidence of postoperative infections in an unselected series of 2647 consecutive primary knee arthroplasties (3137 knees) performed in a modern specialized hospital dedicated solely to joint arthroplasty surgery in 2002 to 2006. The rates of superficial and prosthetic joint infections were 2.9% and 0.80%, respectively. Prospective(More)
OBJECTIVE to determine the rate of disseminated infection due to non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) among Finnish AIDS patients, and to analyse the epidemiology of these infections. METHODS in a prospective cohort study HIV-infected patients with CD4 counts < 200 x 10(6)/l were interviewed, and had mycobacterial blood cultures performed at baseline and at(More)
Pseudocyst is a common complication of pancreatitis. Pseudocyst may rupture into the surrounding organs. Rupture into the portomesenteric vein is extremely rare with only seven cases being described in the English literature. pancreatic portal vein fistula is very difficult to verify. The aim of this study was to view the diagnostic methods of pancreatic(More)
OBJECTIVE To collect population-based information on treatment of infections with antibiotics in PHC. DESIGN A questionnaire study for general practitioners (GPs). SETTING All health centres of Pirkanmaa Hospital District in Finland. PATIENTS Patients with any infection attending health centre during 1 week in November 1994. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES An(More)
BACKGROUND In a previous study we observed an increasing trend in candidemia in Finland in the 1990s. Our aim was now to investigate further population-based secular trends, as well as outcome, and evaluate the association of fluconazole consumption and prophylaxis policy with the observed findings. METHODS We analyzed laboratory-based surveillance data(More)