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Previous studies suggest that enhanced noradrenergic neurotransmission promotes functional recovery following cerebral lesions. The present study investigated whether systemic administration of an alpha(2)-adrenergic antagonist, atipamezole, facilitates recovery following transient focal cerebral ischemia in rats. The effect of atipamezole therapy on(More)
It has been suggested that the increased production of endogenous BDNF after brain insults supports the survival of injured neurons and limits the spread of the damage. In order to test this hypothesis experimentally, we have produced transgenic mouse lines that overexpress the dominant-negative truncated splice variant of BDNF receptor trkB (trkB.T1) in(More)
The present study characterized the behavioral effects of the selective alpha(2)-adrenoceptor antagonist, atipamezole, in a rat model of focal cerebral ischemia. Atipamezole (1 mg/kg, s.c.) or desipramine (5 mg/kg, i.p.), a noradrenaline reuptake blocker, was administered either as a single injection 2 days after ischemia induction or for 10 days thereafter(More)
The neurobiologic mechanisms underlying the recovery process following stroke are poorly understood. The present study investigated glutamatergic and gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA)-ergic receptor densities following experimental stroke in rats exposed to different environmental housing or pharmacologic interventions. About 2 days after transient (120 min)(More)
Selegiline (l-deprenyl) is an irreversible monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) inhibitor that is suggested to have neuroprotective and neuronal rescuing properties. The present study investigated whether systemic administration of selegiline facilitates behavioral recovery after transient focal cerebral ischemia in rats using a combination of different behavioral(More)
PURPOSE Tbc present study compared tbc effect of chronic administration of the selective alpha2-adrenoceptor antagonist, atipamezole, on performance in behavioral tests that differ in motoric complexity in two experimental stroke models. METHODS Transient occlusion (120 min) of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) using the intraluminal method was used to(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The present study examined the long-term presence of beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) and beta-amyloid (Abeta) accumulation in the rat thalamus after focal cerebral ischemia. METHODS Male Wistar rats were subjected to transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 2 hours. Sensorimotor outcome was assessed using a(More)
The Rose Bengal model in rats is widely used to study brain plasticity, functional recovery and restorative therapies. The present study evaluated temporal profiles of hemorrhage and edema by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in rats in relation to sensorimotor impairment after photochemically induced cortical infarct. Adult, male Wistar rats were injected(More)
Atipamezole, a selective alpha(2)-adrenoceptor antagonist, enhances recovery of sensorimotor function after focal cerebral ischemia in rats. The aim of the present study was to further characterize the effects of atipamezole treatment combined with enriched-environment housing in ischemic rats by evaluating spontaneous exploratory activity in the cylinder(More)
The present study investigated effects of human umbilical cord blood (HUCB) cells on sensorimotor, cognitive, and histological outcome in rats subjected to transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Halothane anesthetized adult male Wistar rats were subjected to transient MCAO for 2 h. HUCB cells (mononuclear 1-5x10(7) or Lin(-) cells 1-5x10(5))(More)