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The neurobiologic mechanisms underlying the recovery process following stroke are poorly understood. The present study investigated glutamatergic and gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA)-ergic receptor densities following experimental stroke in rats exposed to different environmental housing or pharmacologic interventions. About 2 days after transient (120 min)(More)
The present study characterized the behavioral effects of the selective alpha(2)-adrenoceptor antagonist, atipamezole, in a rat model of focal cerebral ischemia. Atipamezole (1 mg/kg, s.c.) or desipramine (5 mg/kg, i.p.), a noradrenaline reuptake blocker, was administered either as a single injection 2 days after ischemia induction or for 10 days thereafter(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The present study examined the long-term presence of beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) and beta-amyloid (Abeta) accumulation in the rat thalamus after focal cerebral ischemia. METHODS Male Wistar rats were subjected to transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 2 hours. Sensorimotor outcome was assessed using a(More)
Atipamezole, a selective alpha(2)-adrenoceptor antagonist, enhances recovery of sensorimotor function after focal cerebral ischemia in rats. The aim of the present study was to further characterize the effects of atipamezole treatment combined with enriched-environment housing in ischemic rats by evaluating spontaneous exploratory activity in the cylinder(More)
The Rose Bengal model in rats is widely used to study brain plasticity, functional recovery and restorative therapies. The present study evaluated temporal profiles of hemorrhage and edema by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in rats in relation to sensorimotor impairment after photochemically induced cortical infarct. Adult, male Wistar rats were injected(More)
The present study investigated effects of human umbilical cord blood (HUCB) cells on sensorimotor, cognitive, and histological outcome in rats subjected to transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Halothane anesthetized adult male Wistar rats were subjected to transient MCAO for 2 h. HUCB cells (mononuclear 1-5x10(7) or Lin(-) cells 1-5x10(5))(More)
Evidence from animal studies suggest that centrally acting opiates increase synaptic dopamine (DA) concentration. However, the interaction between mu-opioid receptors and the DA system is unclear. We report here an effect of fentanyl on striatal [123I]beta-CIT binding to the DA transporter in a patient and in rats. A female patient underwent [123I]beta-CIT(More)
Cortical stem cell transplantation may help replace lost brain cells after stroke and improve the functional outcome. In this study, we transplanted human embryonic stem cell (hESC)-derived neural precursor cells (hNPCs) or vehicle into the cortex of rats after permanent distal middle cerebral artery occlusion (dMCAO) or sham-operation, and followed(More)
Stroke patients suffer from severe impairments and significant effort is under way to develop therapies to improve functional recovery. Stem cells provide a promising form of therapy to replace neuronal circuits lost to injury. Indeed, previous studies have shown that a variety of stem cell types can provide some functional recovery in animal models of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) improves functional outcome in patients with stroke possibly through structural plasticity. We hypothesized that CIMT could enhance axonal growth by overcoming the intrinsic growth-inhibitory signals, leading eventually to improved behavioral performance in stroke rats. METHODS Focal(More)