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The main morphological features of the mammalian tooth crown are cusps, but the developmental mechanisms that cause the formation of cusps are unknown. Tooth cusp formation commences at cap-stage with the appearance of the enamel knot, which is a cluster of non-dividing epithelial cells. In this study, enamel knot was first seen in embryonic mice molar(More)
The enamel knot, a transient epithelial structure, appears at the onset of mammalian tooth shape development. Until now, the morphological, cellular and molecular events leading to the formation and disappearance of the enamel knot have not been described. Here we report that the cessation of cell proliferation in the enamel knot in mouse molar teeth is(More)
Mammalian dentition consists of teeth that develop as discrete organs. From anterior to posterior, the dentition is divided into regions of incisor, canine, premolar and molar tooth types. Particularly teeth in the molar region are very diverse in shape. The development of individual teeth involves epithelial-mesenchymal interactions that are mediated by(More)
Mammalian tooth forms are produced during development by folding of the enamel epithelium but the molecular mechanisms involved in the formation and patterning of tooth cusps are not understood. We now report that several key signaling molecules found in well-known vertebrate signaling tissues such as the node, the notochord, the apical ectodermal ridge,(More)
Primates tend to be long-lived, and, except for humans, most primate females are able to reproduce into old age. Although aging in most mammals is accompanied by dental senescence due to advanced wear, primates have low-crowned teeth that wear down before old age. Because tooth wear alters crown features gradually, testing whether early dental senescence(More)
Tabby is a mouse mutant characterized by deficient development of the ectodermal organs: teeth, hair, and a subset of glands. Ectodysplasin, the protein encoded by the Tabby gene, was recently identified as a novel TNF-like transmembrane protein but little is known about its function. We have examined the Tabby tooth phenotype in detail by analysis of the(More)
The study of mammalian evolution depends greatly on understanding the evolution of teeth and the relationship of tooth shape to diet. Links between gross tooth shape, function and diet have been proposed since antiquity, stretching from Aristotle to Cuvier, Owen and Osborn. So far, however, the possibilities for exhaustive, quantitative comparisons between(More)
Unlike humans, who have a continuous row of teeth, mice have only molars and incisors separated by a toothless region called a diastema. Although tooth buds form in the embryonic diastema, they regress and do not develop into teeth. Here, we identify members of the Sprouty (Spry) family, which encode negative feedback regulators of fibroblast growth factor(More)
Generation of morphological diversity remains a challenge for evolutionary biologists because it is unclear how an ultimately finite number of genes involved in initial pattern formation integrates with morphogenesis. Ideally, models used to search for the simplest developmental principles on how genes produce form should account for both developmental(More)
Rodents have a toothless diastema region between the incisor and molar teeth which may contain rudimentary tooth germs. We found in upper diastema region of the mouse (Mus musculus) three small tooth germs which developed into early bud stage before their apoptotic removal, while the sibling vole (Microtus rossiaemeridionalis) had only a single but larger(More)