Jukka I Sipilä

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BACKGROUND In mouse models of diabetes, prophylactic administration of insulin reduced incidence of the disease. We investigated whether administration of nasal insulin decreased the incidence of type 1 diabetes, in children with HLA genotypes and autoantibodies increasing the risk of the disease. METHODS At three university hospitals in Turku, Oulu, and(More)
The correlation between rhinomanometry and subjective sensation of nasal obstruction was studied. Patients assessed their nasal airway patency using a visual analogue scale (VAS). The VAS results and rhinomanometry correlated better when unilateral nasal obstruction was evaluated compared to total nasal evaluation. When rhinomanometric data were divided(More)
In previous studies concerning correlations between subjective nasal obstruction and rhinomanometric findings the subjects quite often had normal nasal status and symptomless nasal breathing. The correlation sometimes proved to be poor. In the present study, intercorrelations between rhinomanometry and subjective sensation of nasal patency were evaluated in(More)
BACKGROUND Intranasally applied insulin is one of the antigen-specific therapies currently tested in clinical type 1 diabetes prevention trials, for example, in the Type 1 Diabetes Prediction and Prevention Study (DIPP). The possibility that the therapy may cause hypoglycaemia or local irritation and the poorly known immunological safety of mucosal(More)
PURPOSE To assess the usefulness of new culture-independent microbiological methods to analyse bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid from haematological patients with clinical pneumonia. PATIENTS AND METHODS Results of 135 BALs from 122 disease episodes in 99 patients treated between 1996 and 2002 were retrospectively analysed. Forty-three patients had(More)
Functional endoscopic endonasal sinus surgery (FESS) is at present the surgical method of choice for many clinicians treating chronic sinusitis and nasal polyposis. Postoperatively, patients have felt that patency of the nasal airway is improved, although all previous studies have failed to objectively measure changes produced. By using anterior active(More)
BACKGROUND Rhinitis and asthma commonly coexist and are often regarded as "unified airways disease." Evidence exists that microRNAs are important in controlling inflammatory processes, but little is known about their role in airway inflammation. The present study evaluated the inflammatory profiles of patients with allergic rhinitis (AR), with and without(More)
Endoscopy techniques are used to diagnose and to determine the extent and exact location of malignancies in the head and neck region, bronchial tree and esophagus. Panendoscopy is used to find the primary tumor in the case of metastatic disease from unknown primaries or to detect a simultaneous second primary tumor at the time of diagnosis of a malignancy(More)
In the ENT Department of University Central Hospital, Turku, the waiting list for elective septoplasty grew to 4 to 5 years in the late 1980s. Therefore, a prospective clinical project was initiated during which all patients waiting for septal surgery were re-examined and nasal airway function was measured with rhinomanometry. Patients with high nasal(More)
We report a case of a glomus tumor in the trachea which was an incidental finding in a 66-year-old man. The histological picture and immunohistochemical profile were typical for this tumor. The glomus tumor is an exceedingly rare mass lesion in the trachea, but it is useful to keep it among differential diagnostic alternatives when a tracheal tumor is seen(More)