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BACKGROUND Variants in the complement cascade genes and the LOC387715/HTRA1, have been widely reported to associate with age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the most common cause of visual impairment in industrialized countries. METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We investigated the association between the LOC387715 A69S and complement component C3 R102G risk(More)
PURPOSE To analyze the in vivo morphology of the different corneal sublayers and corneal nerves in primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS). METHODS Ten eyes of 10 patients with primary SS and 10 eyes of 10 sex- and age-matched control subjects were investigated. Diagnosis was based on American-European consensus criteria. In vivo confocal microscopy with(More)
Understanding of corneal wound healing plays an important role, not only in management of corneal infections, but especially in refractive surgery. A better control of wound healing mechanisms might improve the results of such resculpturing techniques and help to avoid complications arising from these procedures. While studies have been focused in different(More)
PURPOSE To examine human corneal morphology and nerve recovery 5 years after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). METHODS Fourteen eyes of 14 patients (ages, 27-53 years) who underwent 6-mm diameter PRK for low to moderate myopia (spherical equivalent [SE] -2.5 to -8.0 D) were examined once 5 years after surgery. Nine healthy individuals served as control(More)
PURPOSE Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a central role in the wound-healing process. The objective of this study was to identify and characterize the levels and molecular forms of human tear fluid collagenase-2 (MMP-8) and membrane type 1-MMP (MT1-MMP or MMP-14) in patients who had undergone excimer laser photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and in(More)
PURPOSE To describe the corneal abnormalities and to measure different modalities of corneal sensitivity in corneal lattice dystrophy type II (familial amyloidosis, Finnish type, also known as gelsolin-related amyloidosis and originally as Meretoja syndrome). METHODS Twenty eyes of 20 patients were examined by in vivo confocal microscopy and noncontact(More)
PURPOSE To examine the potential harmful effects on corneal structure, innervation, and sensitivity of a spray containing the neurotoxin capsaicin (oleoresin capsicum, OC). METHODS Ten police officers who volunteered for the study were exposed to OC. Clinical signs were assessed. Corneal sensitivity was measured using a Cochet-Bonnet or a noncontact(More)
PURPOSE Autosomal recessive corneal plana (RCP) is a rare corneal anomaly with unknown pathogenesis and a high incidence in Finland. The aim was to examine corneal sensitivity and the morphology of different corneal layers and subbasal nerves in RCP patients. METHODS Three patients with a diagnosed autosomal recessive cornea plana were examined. Corneal(More)
PURPOSE To study the association of the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs4073 in the interleukin-8 (IL-8) promoter region with the diagnosis and age of onset of exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in association with the known genetic risk factors for AMD and tobacco smoking. METHODS Medical records, smoking history and angiograms or(More)
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