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Single photon emission computed tomography was used to evaluate regional cerebral blood flow changes during gait on a treadmill in 10 patients with Parkinson's disease and 10 age-matched controls. The subjects were injected with [99mTc]hexamethyl-propyleneamine oxime twice: while walking on the treadmill, which moved at a steady speed, and while lying on a(More)
Septins are evolutionarily conserved cytoskeletal GTPases that can form heteropolymer complexes involved in cytokinesis and other cellular processes. We detected expression of the human septin genes Nedd5, H5, Diff6, and hCDC100 in postmortem brain tissues using the reverse transcription-coupled polymerase chain reaction and their products by immunoblot(More)
1. The effects of No. 7943 on the Na+/Ca2+ exchange current and on other membrane currents were investigated in single cardiac ventricular cells of guinea-pig with the whole-cell voltage-clamp technique. 2. No. 7943 at 0.1-10 microM suppressed the outward Na+/Ca2+ exchange current in a concentration-dependent manner. The suppression was reversible and the(More)
In order to clarify the generator mechanism of the late component of contingent negative variation (CNV), we compared the late CNV with Bereitschaftspotential (BP) in patients with parkinsonism (Parkinson's disease and progressive supranuclear palsy). In patients with mild symptoms (Hoehn Yahr grade I and II) both the late CNV and BP were clearly seen. In(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The underlying cause of white-matter lesions, which are frequent findings in cerebrovascular disease (CVD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD), remains uncertain. We performed immunohistochemical analysis of serum protein extravasation to investigate the function of the blood-brain barrier in white-matter lesions. METHODS White-matter(More)
In the mammalian central nervous system glutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter and plays a crucial role in plasticity and toxicity of certain neural cells. We found that glutamate stimulated activation of p38 and stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK, also known as c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)), two subgroup members of the mitogen-activated(More)
The Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) is used clinically for evaluating frontal lobe function, but there is some controversy as to its specificity for detecting frontal lobe damage. To investigate the cerebral regions essential to the performance of the Card Sorting Test, we measured the regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in 18 normal subjects by PET(More)
We examined the effects of nicotinic receptor agonists against beta amyloid (Abeta) cytotoxicity to rat cortical neurons. Administration of nicotine protected against Abeta-induced neuronal death. This neuroprotection was blocked by dihydro-beta-erythroidine, an alpha4beta2 nicotinic receptor antagonist. Furthermore, incubation with cytisine, a selective(More)
We report on 2 patients with multifocal motor neuropathy with focal conduction block involving motor but not sensory fibers at the site of nerve swelling. A nerve biopsy specimen from adjacent to the enlargement in 1 patient showed a perivascular area containing scattered demyelinated axons surrounded by small onion bulbs. The observed pathological findings(More)
To investigate the neural mechanisms involved in shifting attention we used positron emission tomography to examine regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) during a task that demands shifting attention between color and shape. Significant activation was observed in the right dorsal prefrontal cortex and parieto-occipital cortex at all frequencies of attention(More)