Juin-Yih Lai

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An expanded granular sludge bed (EGSB) reactor was adopted to incubate bio-granules that could simultaneously convert 4.8 kg-Sm(-3) d(-1) of sulfide in 97% efficiency; 2.6 kg-Nm(-3) d(-1) of nitrate in 92% efficiency; and 2.7 kg-Cm(-3) d(-1) acetate in 95% efficiency. Mass balance calculation of sulfur, nitrogen, and carbon over the EGSB reactor confirmed(More)
The present investigation examines the way to enhance aerobic granulation by controlling the microbial communities via applying different settling times. Early granulation of aerobic granules is noticeable at a settling time of 5 min. The functional strains are enriched in granules without challenge of non-flocculating strains. Short settling times at(More)
Membrane biofouling by microbial products adversely impacts the feasibility of adopting membrane bioreactors (MBRs) for treating wastewater. The fouling layer structure determines the pressure drop across the fouling layer. Three-dimensional distributions of nucleic acids, proteins, alpha-D-GLUCOPYRANOSE POLYSACCHARIDES, AND B-D-glucopyranose(More)
OBJECTIVES As the bond strength of composite resin to Er,Cr:YSGG laser-irradiated dentin has not yet been evaluated, the objectives of this study were to investigate the tensile bond strength and to analyze the resin-dentin interface among bur-cut/acid-etched, Er,Cr:YSGG laser-ablated/acid-etched and Er,Cr:YSGG laser-ablated human dentin. METHODS Crown(More)
Effect of air aeration intensities on granule formation and extracellular polymeric substances content in three identical sequential batch reactors were investigated. The excitation–emission–matrix spectra and multiple staining and confocal laser scanning microscope revealed proteins, polysaccharides, lipids, and humic substances in the sludge and granule(More)
Chitosan scaffolds were modified with RGDS (Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser) in the present work via an imide-bond forming reaction between amino groups in chitosan and carboxyl groups in peptides. Successful immobilization was verified with FTIR spectroscopy, and the immobilized amount was determined to be on the order of 10(-12) mol/cm2 through analysis of the(More)
Nanotextured silicon substrata with parallel ridges separated by grooves with equal width from 90 to 500 nm, were fabricated by electron beam lithography and dry etching techniques. Osteoblast-like cells, MG-63, were cultured on the sterilized nanopatterned substrata for 4 or 24 h, and then imaged by scanning electron microscopy. The influence of substrate(More)
Membrane fouling results in flux decline or transmembrane pressure drop increase during membrane bioreactor (MBR) operation. Physical and chemical cleanings are essential to keep an MBR operating at an appropriate membrane flux. Considerable residual membrane permeability loss that cannot be removed by conventional cleaning requires membrane replacement.(More)
Efficient nitrification and denitrification of wastewater containing 1,700 mgl−1 of ammonium-nitrogen was achieved using aerobic granular sludge cultivated at medium-to-high organic loading rates. The cultivated granules were tested in a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) fed with 6.4 or 10.2 kg NH 4 + -N m−3 day−1, a loading significantly higher than that(More)
High biomass density and large size limit the transfer of dissolved oxygen (DO) in aerobic granules. In the literature, the oxygen diffusivity is often employed as an input parameter for modeling transport processes in aerobic granules. The interior of an aerobic granule was observed to be highly heterogeneous. In this work, the distributions of(More)