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In response to excessive nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 2 (Nod2) stimulation caused by mucosal bacterial components, gut epithelia need to activate regulatory machinery to maintain epithelial homeostasis. Activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) is a representative regulator in the negative feedback loop that modulates(More)
Although the activation of B cells in the gastrointestinal tract is of great importance in the context of immunity to pathogens and mucosal inflammatory diseases, little is known about the mechanisms responsible for the local activation of B cells in the subepithelial area of the intestine. Epithelium-derived BAFF is the major modulator of B cell(More)
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) remains the most lethal gynecologic malignancy in developed countries. Chronic endogenous sterile pro-inflammatory responses are strongly linked to EOC progression and chemoresistance to anti-cancer therapeutics. In the present study, the activity of epithelial NF-κB, a key pro-inflammatory transcription factor, was enhanced(More)
Foodborne aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and ochratoxin A (OTA) cause genotoxic injury and subsequent tumor formation. As a biomarker of oncogenic stimulation by genotoxic mycotoxins, p53-triggered Mdm2 was assessed in intestinal cancer cells. AFB1 increased Mdm2 reporter expression in a dose-dependent manner. However, this was strongly antagonized by OTA treatment.(More)
Mycotoxins are fungal secondary metabolites detected in many agricultural commodities and water-damaged indoor environments. Susceptibility to mucosal infectious diseases is closely associated with immune dysfunction caused by mycotoxin exposure in humans and other animals. Many mycotoxins suppress immune function by decreasing the proliferation of(More)
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