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Freeze inactivation of LDH, MDH, ADH, G-6-PDH, and PK and its prevention with additives such as sodium glutamate and albumin were studied. LDH, MDH, ADH, G-6-PDH, and PK, each lost their activity during frozen storage at -20 degrees C. The speed of the inactivation differed in each. The stability of the enzymes increased with the increase of the enzyme(More)
TNCs from lobster, mussel, and squid migrated with rabbit TNC at an apparent mol. wt of 18,000. Electrophoretic mobilities in the presence or absence of Ca2+ were compared: the electrophoretic mobility of rabbit TNC was greater in the presence of Ca2+ than it its absence, but all invertebrate TNCs tested migrated identically, whether Ca2+ was present or(More)
1. The morphology of bacteria treated with the bactericidal glycoprotein, Achacin, purified from the giant African snail, Achatina fulica Férussac, has been studied. 2. Achacin lengthens the bodies of Escherichia coli by three to seven times. 3. Achacin damages the surface of Staphylococcus aureus and sinks the cytoplasmic membranes into the cytoplasm. 4.(More)
1) Denaturation of carp actomyosin during storage at -20 degrees was studied with particular interest in the cryoprotective effect of sodium glutamate, the most cryoprotective of the compounds tested previously. 2) Storage with glutamate prevented the rapid decrease in solubility, viscosity, and ATPase (EC of actomyosin during storage. (More)
The antibacterial factor from the body surface of the African giant snail, Achatina fulica Férussac, was isolated by DEAE-Toyopearl 650M ion exchange chromatography. The isolated preparation exhibited highly positive antibacterial activity both for the Gram-positive bacteria, Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus and for the Gram-negative bacteria,(More)
The water distribution in the pulvinus of Mimosa can be visualized by an NMR imaging technique. After stimulation of a Mimosa plant, water in the lower half of the main pulvinus disappeared, the water previously contained in this area seeming to be transferred to the upper half of the main pulvinus. Movement of the water in conjunction with Mimosa movement(More)
Paramyosin prepared from obliquely striated mantle muscle of squid by DE Villafranca's method was monodisperse in SDS disc electrophoresis and in ultracentrifugation. Its sedimenta tion coefficient value was 3.5 S and intrinsic viscosity was 2.03dl/g. These were comparable with the respectives values for other paramyosins. The molecular weight on SDS disc(More)
Ca2+-sensitivity of squid muscle proteins was studied by competition tests between squid actin and carp myosin on squid myosin B and by cross combination tests between squid myosin and actin and between carp myosin and squid thin filament fraction. The results suggest that the regulatory system of the squid mantle muscle is actin-linked as in skeletal(More)