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Although the antitumor effect of alpha-tocopheryl succinate (vitamin E succinate) has been well demonstrated, its underlying mechanism remains elusive. This study provides evidence that inhibition of Bcl-xL/Bcl-2 function represents a major pathway whereby alpha-tocopheryl succinate mediates apoptosis induction in prostate cancer cells. In vitro data(More)
The blockade of Akt activation through the inhibition of 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1 (PDK-1) represents a major signaling mechanism whereby celecoxib mediates apoptosis. Celecoxib, however, is a weak PDK-1 inhibitor (IC(50), 48 microM), requiring at least 30 microM to exhibit discernable effects on the growth of tumor cells in vitro. Here, we(More)
Regulatory factor X-1 (RFX-1) is a transcription factor that has been linked to negative regulation of tumor progression; however, its biological function and signaling cascades are unknown. Here, we performed several studies to elucidate the roles of RFX-1 in the regulation of SHP-1 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. Overexpression of RFX-1 resulted(More)
Uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase (UROD) catalyzes the conversion of uroporphyrinogen to coproporphyrinogen during heme biosynthesis. This enzyme was recently identified as a potential anticancer target; its inhibition leads to an increase in reactive oxygen species, likely mediated by the Fenton reaction, thereby decreasing cancer cell viability and working(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Recently, we reported that sorafenib sensitizes hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells to TRAIL through the inhibition of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3). Here, we report that sorafenib inhibits HCC via a kinase-independent mechanism: SHP-1 dependent STAT3 inactivation. METHODS SC-1 is a sorafenib derivative that(More)
Certain members of the thiazolidenedione family of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) agonists, such as troglitazone and ciglitazone, exhibit antitumor effects; however, the underlying mechanism remains inconclusive. This study shows that the effect of these thiazolidenedione members on apoptosis in prostate cancer cells is(More)
In light of the clinical relevance of targeting cyclin D1 in breast cancer, we have investigated the mechanism underlying the effect of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) agonists troglitazone and ciglitazone on cyclin D1 repression. We obtain evidence that the ability of high doses of troglitazone and ciglitazone to repress(More)
We investigated the effects of a novel compound, SC-2001, on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). SC-2001, which is structurally related to the Mcl-1 inhibitor obatoclax, showed better antitumor effects than obatoclax in HCC cell lines, including HepG2, PLC5 and Huh-7. Like obatoclax, SC-2001 inhibited the protein-protein interactions between Mcl-1 and Bak.(More)
Cancerous inhibitor of PP2A (CIP2A) is a novel human oncoprotein that inhibits PP2A, contributing to tumor aggressiveness in various cancers. Several studies have shown that downregulation of CIP2A by small molecules reduces PP2A-dependent phosphorylation of Akt and induces cell death. Here, a series of mono- and di-substituted quinazoline and pyrimidine(More)
We report on a general structure- and NMR-based approach to derive druglike small molecule inhibitors of protein-protein interactions in a rapid and efficient manner. We demonstrate the utility of the approach by deriving novel and effective SMAC mimetics targeting the antiapoptotic protein X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP). The XIAP(More)