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Xanthohumol (2',4',4-trihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3'-prenylchalcone) is a major chalcone derivative isolated from hop (Humulus lupulus L.) commonly used in brewing due to its bitter flavors. Xanthohumol has anti-carcinogenic, free radical-scavenging, and anti-inflammatory activities, but its precise mechanisms are not clarified yet. The basic leucine zipper (bZIP)(More)
The orphan nuclear receptor Nur77 is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily. Nur77 is known to regulate survival and death in response to extracellular stimuli, but it is unclear whether Nur77 is regulated by oxidative stress and contributes to the cytotoxicity in neurodegenerative diseases. Here we showed that (1) Nur77 was up-regulated,(More)
Oxidative stress and neuroinflammation are hallmarks of neurodegenerative diseases, which do not play independently but work synergistically through complex interactions exacerbating neurodegeneration. Therefore, the mechanism that is directly implicated in controlling oxidative stress and inflammatory response could be an attractive strategy to prevent the(More)
Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a key transcriptional regulator for the protection of cells against oxidative and xenobiotic stresses. Recent studies have demonstrated that high constitutive expression of Nrf2 is observed in many types of cancer cells showing resistance to anti-cancer drugs, suggesting that the suppression of(More)
Chronic inflammatory response in the brain is a characteristic etiopathology of various neurodegenerative diseases; consequently increasing the intrinsic anti-inflammatory potency could be an especially desirable strategy to prevent inflammation-related neuronal injuries. Transcription factor NF-E2-related factor-2 (Nrf2)-mediated control of redox(More)
The orphan nuclear receptor estrogen-related receptor gamma (ERRγ) is highly expressed in the nervous system during embryogenesis and in adult brains, but its physiological role in neuronal development remains unknown. In this study, we evaluated the relevance of ERRγ in regulating dopaminergic (DAergic) phenotype and the corresponding signaling pathway. We(More)
The extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling pathway has been implicated in diverse cellular functions. ERK and its activating kinase, mitogen-activated/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase (MEK), are downstream of cell surface receptors known to be up-regulated in many malignant gliomas. We sought to investigate the role of ERK in(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) is a transcription factor relevant to the development of many mammalian organs including the brain. However, the molecular mechanisms by which signaling events mediate neuronal differentiation have not been fully elucidated. In the present study, we show for the first time that the orphan nuclear receptor(More)
Because estrogen plays important neurotrophic and neuroprotective roles in the brain by activating estrogen receptors (ERs), disruption of normal estrogen signaling can leave neurons vulnerable to a variety of insults, including β-amyloid peptide (Aβ). Aroclor1254 (A1254) belongs to the endocrine-disrupting chemical (EDC) polychlorinated biphenyls and has(More)
Capillarisin is a naturally isolated chromone, which is one of the major bioactive constituents of Artemisia capillaries. Capillarisin has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-tumor potential, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain largely unclear. In the present study, we demonstrate that the transcription factor nuclear factor E2-related(More)