Juha T K Peltonen

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This study demonstrates the presence of tight junction antigens in adult and developing human epidermis. Indirect immunofluorescence labeling and immunoelectron microscopy with antibodies to ZO-1 and occludin localized tight junction components ZO-1 and occludin to a narrow zone of the granular cells of adult epidermis. Double immunolabeling for tight(More)
We have examined the expression, localization, and function of beta 1 integrins on cultured human epidermal keratinocytes using polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies against the beta 1, alpha 2, alpha 3, and alpha 5 integrin subunits. The beta 1 polypeptide, common to all class 1 integrins, was localized primarily in areas of cell-cell contacts of cultured(More)
The expression and subcellular localization of neurofibromatosis type 1 tumor suppressor was studied in keratinocytes induced to differentiate by increased Ca2+ concentration of the culture medium. Differentiating keratinocytes became intensely immunoreactive for neurofibromatosis type 1 protein, which was apparently associated with cellular fibrils. Double(More)
We examined the expression of laminin-5 and its integrin receptors during reepithelialization of human wounds. We used suction blisters of skin as a model of keratinocyte migration on a basement membrane matrix and mucosal full-thickness wounds as a model in which keratinocytes migrate in a provisional matrix. An animal model, in which human epidermal(More)
PURPOSE Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) are characterized by high morbidity and mortality, largely due to the high invasive and metastatic potential of these tumors, high recurrence rates, and low treatment responses. Proteinases have been implicated in several aspects of tumor growth and metastasis in a broad range of tumors including HNSCC.(More)
The cellular heterogeneity of cutaneous tumors from nine patients with type 1 (von Recklinghausen's) neurofibromatosis was studied using several antigenic markers with special reference to focal heterotopic differentiation and interindividual variation. Furthermore, cells which actively express the genes for type I and III collagens and fibronectin, the(More)
Collagenase-3 (matrix metalloproteinase 13; MMP-13) is a novel matrix metalloproteinase, the expression of which to date has only been detected in human breast carcinoma tissue and osteoarthritic cartilage. Here, we show that MMP-13 transcripts are expressed by human HaCaT keratinocytes but not by primary human epidermal keratinocytes. The levels of MMP-13(More)
Recent studies indicate that the specificity of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)-mediated cellular stress responses is determined by the expression pattern of the distinct p38 isoforms. Here, we have analysed the function of distinct p38 isoforms in the growth and invasion of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs). Activation of p38 MAPK(More)
PKC family consist of a number of serine-threonine kinases which are divided into three groups based on their activating factors. PKCs have been linked to carcinogenesis since PKC activators can act as tumor promoters. Furthermore, functional studies have suggested that PKCs play a role in the carcinogenesis and maintenance of malignant phenotype.(More)
Capacitative calcium entry and calcium wave propagation were studied in keratinocytes cultured from control persons and patients with type 1 neurofibromatosis. The cells were stimulated mechanically in the presence of inhibitors of gap-junctional or ATP-mediated communication to determine which pathways are operative in Ca(2+) signaling between these cells.(More)