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A nationwide Finnish sample of schizophrenic mothers' offspring given up for adoption has been compared blindly with matched controls; i.e., adopted-away offspring of non-schizophrenic biologic parents. The families have been investigated thoroughly by joint and individual interviews and psychological tests. In the 91 pairs where both the index and control(More)
BACKGROUND Anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF) may necessitate acute and late re-operations. Published long-term follow studies after ACDF are scarce. OBJECTIVE Our goal was to give a detailed description of early and late re-operations after ACDF in an 11-year follow-up. METHODS We retrospectively analyzed all available clinical data,(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent studies have described encouraging outcomes after cervical total disc replacement (cTDR), but there are also critical debates regarding the long-term effects of heterotopic ossification (HO) and the prevalence of adjacent-level degeneration. The aim in this paper was to provide 4-year clinical and radiographic outcome results on the activ C(More)
Paralysis of the lower limbs or both the upper and lower limbs, even partial, is a frightening symptom that will quickly bring the patient to emergency call service. The symptom is a sign of functional disturbance of the spinal cord, possibly resulting from a quickly developed process narrowing the spinal canal. A correct and non-delayed diagnosis and(More)
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