Juha Pentti Heiskanen

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Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and silver birch (Betula pendula Roth.) seedlings were grown in containers filled with growth media based on medium-textured sphagnum peat, coarse perlite and fine sand. The seedlings were then planted into fine and coarse sandy soils in 2.2 l pots, which were subjected to two water-content treatments (only one for birch).(More)
Sphagnum peat has been the most commonly used growing medium in containers in tree nurseries worldwide for its good growing properties. As a result of increasing costs and environmental incentives, seedling-growers are seeking more local growing medium components such as composts. Composts are, however, diverse products with varying chemical, physical, and(More)
The physical properties, in particular the water retention characteristics, of two-component growth media based on low-humified Sphagnum peat were studied. The high water retention of pure peat, which is further increased by shrinkage of the medium at desorption, yielded low air-filled porosity at high matric potentials (≥ −1 kPa). The addition of coarse(More)
Containerized Scots pine seedlings growing in light Sphagnum peat growth medium in a greenhouse were subjected to three irrigation treatments. The seedlings were irrigated by saturating the growth medium with a nutrient solution (i) daily or when (ii) −5 or (iii) −10 kPa medium matric potential was achieved. In general, the nutrient concentrations in the(More)
Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) is adapted to various soil types with diverse water availabilities. However, Scots pine seedlings are vulnerable to abiotic stress during the early growth, when they may be exposed to both dry and wet conditions. Here, we focused on the above and below ground coping strategies of Scots pine seedlings under controlled wet,(More)
Height development of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) transplants was studied on 22 sites prepared by disc trenching or mounding. At the age of 4–9 years the plantations were surveyed using a multistage sampling design. For every planted spruce on a plot, the past annual height increments were measured as far into the past as possible. Multilevel(More)
Arbuscular (AM) and ectomycorrhizas (EM) predominate in different soils. We hypothesise that also climatic factors affect directly their relative success and AM fungi (AMF) generally tolerate drought better than EM fungi (EMF). Here we tested the colonisation rates of soil-borne AMF and EMF after soil drought treatments. Forest and meadow soils were mixed(More)
This study presents the use of a reactive deep eutectic solvent (DES) for the chemical modification of wood cellulose fibers. DES based on dimethylurea and ZnCl2 was used to synthetize cellulose methyl carbamate (CMeC). This synthesis was performed at elevated temperature under solvent-free conditions. Chemical characterization based on FTIR and NMR(More)
s of posters A SIMPLE METHOD FOR THE ISOLATION OF PLANT VOLATILES T.A. van Beek and H. van Bokhoven Volatiles play an important biological role in both the animal and plant kingdom. Usually the concentration in which these mediators occur in air are too low for direct measurements by today's analytical techniques. Therefore the compounds have to be(More)
Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) is shade-tolerant and sensitive to high irradiance, summer frosts and winter desiccation, which can impair its reforestation success. In this study, artificial pre- and post-planting shading was examined to determine their effects on post-planting shoot and root growth as well as the vigor of one- and two-year-old(More)