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Transport of NaCl and water was examined in the rabbit medullary thick ascending limb of Henle (ALH) by perfusing isolated segments of these nephrons in vitro. Osmotic water permeability was evaluated by perfusing tubules against imposed osmotic gradients. In these experiments the net transport of fluid remained at zero when segments of thick ALH were(More)
Rabbit medullary collecting duct (MCD) acidification has been demonstrated to occur by means of a sodium-independent, aldosterone-stimulated mechanism. We have examined the anionic dependence of this process by means of the isolated perfused tubule technique. Total replacement of perfusate chloride with gluconate enhanced tubular bicarbonate reabsorption(More)
With the exception of aldosterone, little is known about the hormonal regulation of distal nephron acidification. These experiments investigated the effects of prostaglandin E2, indomethacin, lysyl-bradykinin, 8-bromo-cyclic AMP, and forskolin on proton secretion in the major acidifying segment of the distal nephron, the medullary collecting duct from inner(More)
Numerous previous studies have proposed a role for angiotensin II (AII) in the renal regulation of salt balance. At least one nephron site, the proximal convoluted segment, has been implicated in this role. We used in vitro microperfusion of rabbit proximal convoluted tubules to further examine this question. To insure use of appropriate in vivo(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine and compare pH, PCO2, and fractional bicarbonate delivery in both superficial and juxtamedullary nephrons by microelectrode techniques and microcalorimetry in the rat in vivo in order to define more clearly the role of deeper nephron segments in urinary acidification. Values for pH and total CO2 concentration(More)
This study was designed to examine whether prostaglandin E2 can directly affect sodium transport across isolated perfused rabbit renal collecting tubules. Changes in transepithelial potential and isotopic sodium fluxes in response to peritubular prostaglandin E2 were measured. In addition, changes in transepithelial potential of the outer medullary(More)
Administration of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to patients with chronically impaired renal function has been reported to cause abrupt and sustained reductions in renal plasma flow (RPF), glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and solute and water excretion in association with decreased renal prostanoid production. However, the time course of(More)