Learn More
PURPOSE The lack of electron density information in magnetic resonance images (MRI) poses a major challenge for MRI-based radiotherapy treatment planning (RTP). In this study the authors convert MRI intensity values into Hounsfield units (HUs) in the male pelvis and thus enable accurate MRI-based RTP for prostate cancer patients with varying tissue anatomy(More)
A gram-negative obligate intracellular bacterium, Chlamydia pneumoniae, is a common respiratory pathogen. Here, we examined the invasion and attachment of C. pneumoniae K6 into nonphagocytic HL epithelial cell line by manipulating host plasma membranes by using cholesterol-depleting methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (MβCD) and cholesterol-loading MβCD complexed(More)
T helper cells (Th) are divided into Th1 and Th2 subsets based upon their cytokine profiles and function. Naïve Th cells differentiate into Th1 and Th2 subsets depending on the antigens, costimulatory molecules, and cytokines they encounter. Cytokine interleukin (IL)-12 enhances the generation of Th1 lymphocytes and inhibits the production of Th2 subset.(More)
Chlamydiae are obligate intracellular pathogens replicating only inside the eukaryotic host. Here, we studied the effect of human flotillin-1 protein on Chlamydia pneumoniae growth in human line (HL) and A549 epithelial cell lines. RNA interference was applied to disrupt flotillin-1-mediated endocytosis. Host-associated bacteria were detected by(More)
PURPOSE This study introduces methods to conduct image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT) of the pelvis with either cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) or planar localization images by relying solely on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based reference images. MATERIAL AND METHODS Feasibility of MRI-based reference images for IGRT was evaluated against kV CBCT(More)
ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) mediates reverse cholesterol transport and innate immunity response in different cell types. We have investigated the regulation of ABCA1 expression in response to intracellular Chlamydia pneumoniae infection in A549 epithelial lung carcinoma cells. C. pneumoniae infection decreased ABCA1 expression in A549 cells,(More)
BACKGROUND Adaptive radiation therapy (ART) for urinary bladder cancer has emerged as a promising alternative to conventional RT with potential to minimize radiation-induced toxicity to healthy tissues. In this work we have studied bladder volume variations and their effect on healthy bladder dose sparing and intrafractional margins, in order to refine our(More)
BACKGROUND This work evaluates influences of susceptibility-induced bone outline shift and perturbations, and bone segmentation errors on external radiotherapy dose calculation accuracy in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based pseudo-computed tomography (CT) images of the male pelvis. MATERIAL AND METHODS T₁/T₂*-weighted fast gradient echo, T₁-weighted(More)