Juha H. Niinikoski

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BACKGROUND The incidence of postoperative surgical site infections (SSIs) is difficult to estimate because of the current trend of early discharge after surgery. Both operation-related and host factors should be taken into consideration in the prevention of SSIs. We wanted to determine the actual incidence of SSIs and evaluate the risk factors in our(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to measure visceral and peripheral perfusion and oxygenation during and immediately after cardiac surgery. METHODS Central hemodynamics, blood gases, core temperature, visceral and peripheral tissue perfusion, and oxygenation were studied in eight patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting and in the early(More)
The current multicenter study was conducted at five sites using 86 patients to evaluate the safety and efficacy of piperacillin/tazobactam (4 grams per 500 milligrams every eight hours) compared with imipenem/cilastatin (1 gram every eight hours) in the treatment of patients who were hospitalized with a clinically or bacteriologically confirmed diagnosis of(More)
This work was undertaken to study the effects of various doses of locally applied epidermal growth factor (EGF) on developing granulation tissue in rats. Cylindrical hollow sponge implants were used as an inductive matrix for the growth of granulation tissue. In the test groups, the implants were injected daily with a solution containing 0.2, 1, or 5(More)
Energy metabolism of healing tissue was studied in experimental wounds of rats chronically breathing 11% O2, air or 55% O2. Increasing oxygen supply elevated both PO2 and PCO2 in the wound tissue. At the early phases of healing hypoxic wounds contained less DNA than normoxic or hyperoxic tissues. In hypoxia the accumulation of wound collagen was clearly(More)
The use of a fixed dosage schedule was compared with the use of activated clotting time (ACT) for monitoring heparin anticoagulation and its neutralization during and after extracorporeal circulation in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Use of ACT resulted in a statistically significant decrease in heparin and protamine dosages and(More)
Renal hemodynamics and oxygen metabolism were studied in eight adult beagle dogs during shock induced with an iv infusion of Escherichia coli endotoxin. Renal blood flow (RBF) and renal cortical PO2 decreased profoundly during the 15-min endotoxin infusion. RBF increased sharply immediately after cessation of infusion, but soon declined and remained(More)