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Recently, two common sequence variants on 9p21, tagged by rs10757278-G and rs10811661-T, were reported to be associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D), respectively. We proceeded to further investigate the contributions of these variants to arterial diseases and T2D. Here we report that rs10757278-G is associated with, in(More)
Out of 936 primary intracranial meningiomas, 94.3% were histologically benign (grade I), 4.7% atypical (grade II), and 1.0% anaplastic (grade III); one recurrence was sarcomatous (grade IV). Meningiomas with histologic anaplasia (grades II-IV) occurred in 12% of the men, but only 4% of the women. Only 26% of atypical or anaplastic meningiomas appeared(More)
BACKGROUND Anterior communicating artery complex is the most frequent site of intracranial aneurysms in most reported series. Anterior communicating artery aneurysms are the most complex aneurysms of the anterior circulation due to the angioarchitecture and flow dynamics of the ACoA region, frequent anatomical variations, deep interhemispheric location, and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The cellular mechanisms of degeneration and repair preceding rupture of the saccular cerebral artery aneurysm wall need to be elucidated for rational design of growth factor or drug-releasing endovascular devices. METHODS Patient records, preoperative vascular imaging studies, and the snap-frozen fundi resected after microsurgical(More)
We studied 12 patients with brain tumors in the vicinity of the sensorimotor region to provide a preoperative three-dimensional visualization of the functional anatomy of the rolandic cortex. We also evaluated the role of cortex-muscle coherence analysis and anatomical landmarks in identifying the sensorimotor cortex. The functional landmarks were based on(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively evaluate magnetoencephalography (MEG) and functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, as compared with intraoperative cortical mapping, for identification of the central sulcus. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fifteen patients (six men, nine women; age range, 25-58 years) with a lesion near the primary sensorimotor cortex (13 gliomas, one(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the incidence of meningiomatosis and schwannomatosis, and their familial occurrences and relation to type 2 neurofibromatosis (NF2) in a well-defined population. METHODS Patients with histologically verified intracranial, spinal, or peripheral schwannomas or meningiomas, who were residents of the Helsinki University Hospital(More)
OBJECTIVE Amyloid-β(Aβ) aggregates are presumed to be found in the brain at an early stage of Alzheimer's disease (AD) but have seldom been assessed by brain biopsy during life in often elderly patients. METHODS Between 1991 and 2006 we evaluated 468 patients with suspected normal pressure hydrocephalus with intraventricular pressure monitoring and a(More)
At operation, 21 meningeal intracranial hemangiopericytomas resembled meningiomas, but differed histologically. They were frequently attached to sinuses, occipitally located, bled profusely at operation, and had a higher risk of recurrence and metastasis. Specific preoperative diagnosis is possible: computed tomography scan showed a meningiomalike tumor,(More)
Ezrin, radixin, moesin and merlin form a subfamily of conserved proteins in the band 4.1 superfamily. Ezrin protein subfamily members act as linkers between the plasma membrane and the cytoskeleton. Members of the subfamily have been shown to interact with each other, with cell adhesion molecules such as CD44 and with F-actin. Recent data indicate that(More)