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Between 1978 and 1991 a total of 136 operations with the laparoscope have been performed. 79 additional laparoscopies were carried out for diagnostic purposes. The most frequent indications for operative laparoscopy were: adhesions, abdominal cysts, tumors, gonadectomy, appendectomy and cholecystectomy. Diagnostic laparoscopies were performed for the(More)
Silymarin (SIL), a standardized plant extract containing about 60% polyphenole silibinin, is used as a hepatoprotective agent. Its antifibrotic potential in chronic liver diseases has not been explored. Therefore, we applied SIL to adult Wistar rats that were subjected to complete bile duct occlusion (BDO) by injection of sodium amidotrizoate (Ethibloc).(More)
Pediatric surgical experience with video-assisted thoracoscopy is limited. The authors report their experience with 27 thoracoscopies in 22 children. The median age was 6.1 years (range, 1 day to 16 years). The two primary indications for thoracoscopy were management of pneumothorax and mediastinal cysts. Fifteen thoracoscopies accomplished their purpose(More)
From 1971 to 1990, 18 children were surgically managed for choledochal cysts at two Berlin pediatric surgical units. Eight patients underwent an internal drainage procedure, eight a Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy and one a choledochoplasty. The children were followed-up 2 to 20 years later (median: 8.4 years). Three children died in the early postoperative(More)
UNLABELLED Duodenal gastrinomas in childhood are extremely rare and often missed at first medical consultation. We report on a 7-year-old child with sporadic gastrinoma of primary localisation in the distal duodenum. Small metastases in the liver and regional nodes were detected pre-operatively by somatostatin receptor scintigraphy (SRS) but not by other(More)
We report on 4 children where Meckel's diverticula (MD) were excised laparoscopically. In two of the children the finding of an MD was incidental and in two it was suspected preoperatively. In three of the patients the MD was ligated by means of an "endoloop" and could be removed in a similar manner to an appendix. In one patient the MD was resected by(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The aminoterminal procollagen type-III-peptide, which can be released during collagen type III deposition, has been suggested as a serum marker of fibrogenesis in patients with chronic liver disease. However, longitudinal studies correlating procollagen type-III-peptide concentrations in serum with the evolution of liver fibrosis are still(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Until now, minimally invasive surgery (MIS) has not had any therapeutic status for operable splenic trauma, because reliable sealing of larger defects is not possible with general techniques. METHODS Fleece-bound sealing allows rapid, large-area sealing of erosions and defects, so that with the aid of an MIS applicator system (AMISA),(More)