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The biotransformation of venlafaxine (VF) into its two major metabolites, O-desmethylvenlafaxine (ODV) and N-desmethylvenlafaxine (NDV) was studied in vitro with human liver microsomes and with microsomes containing individual human cytochromes from cDNA-transfected human lymphoblastoid cells. VF was coincubated with selective cytochrome P450 (CYP)(More)
Biotransformation of the imidazobenzodiazepine midazolam to its alpha-hydroxy and 4-hydroxy metabolites was studied in vitro using human liver microsomal preparations. Formation of alpha-hydroxy-midazolam was a high-affinity (Km = 3.3 mumol/L) Michaelis-Menten process coupled with substrate inhibition at high concentrations of midazolam. Formation of(More)
Biotransformation of amitriptyline (AMI) to its demethylated product nortriptyline (NT) was studied in vitro with human liver microsomes from four different donors, preselected to reflect a range of metabolic rates. Reaction velocity versus substrate concentration was consistent with a sigmoid Vmax model. Vmax varied from 0.42 to 3.42 nmol/mg/min, Km from(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was done to compare the effects of 6-week treatment with amitriptyline on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) regulation in elderly depressed patients and age-matched comparison subjects. METHOD A combined dexamethasone-suppression/CRH-stimulation (dexamethasone/CRH) test was administered before initiation of amitriptyline(More)
Dextromethorphan (DMO), a cough suppressing synthetic analog of codeine, undergoes parallel O-demethylation to dextrorphan (DOP), and N-demethylation to 3-methoxymorphinan (MEM), in humans. 3-hydroxymorphinan, a didemethylated metabolite, is formed secondarily. O-demethylation activity is well established as an index reaction for CYP2D6. However, this(More)
1. To determine kinetic parameters (Vmax, K(m)) for cytochrome P450 (CYP) mediated metabolic pathways, nonlinear least squares regression is commonly used to fit a model equation (e.g., Michaelis Menten [MM]) to sets of data points (reaction velocity vs substrate concentration). This method can also be utilized to determine the parameters for more complex(More)
In the present study the hypothesis was tested that in normal human aging an insensitivity of the glucocorticoid feedback signals is acquired. Thus, 40 healthy elderly (mean age: 69 +/- 5 years) and 20 younger (mean age: 34 +/- 8 years) individuals underwent a combined dexamethasone suppression/CRH-stimulation test. Cortisol secretion after dexamethasone(More)
There is only sparse and ambiguous information about circadian and pulsatile secretion features of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenocortical system in depression. We studied 15 severely depressed (Hamilton Depression Scale 30.4 +/- 6.7) male patients (age 22-72 yr; mean, 47.7 +/- 14.8) and 22 age-matched male controls (age 23-85 yr; mean, 53.1 +/- 18.2).(More)
BACKGROUND A significant number of women of childbearing age have schizophrenia or other psychoses. This means that there is a considerable risk of in utero exposure to risperidone due to maternal use. OBJECTIVE To determine whether in utero exposure to the atypical antipsychotic risperidone is associated with poor pregnancy and fetal/neonatal outcomes.(More)
Biotransformation of phenacetin via O-deethylation to acetaminophen, an index reaction reflecting activity of Cytochrome P450-1A2, was studied in microsomal preparations from a series of human livers. Acetaminophen formation was consistent with a double Michaelis-Menten system, with low-Km (mean Km1 = 68 μM) and high-Km (mean Km2 = 7691 μM) components. The(More)