Juergen Ralf Schlaier

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Transforming growth factor-beta2 (TGF-beta2) is known to suppress the immune response to cancer cells and plays a pivotal role in tumor progression by regulating key mechanisms including proliferation, metastasis, and angiogenesis. For targeted protein suppression the TGF-beta2-specific antisense oligodeoxynucleotide AP 12009 was developed. In vitro(More)
In glioma surgery, the extent of resection (EOR) is one important predictor of progression-free survival. In 2006, fluorescence-guided surgery using 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) was shown to improve the EOR in malignant gliomas. However, the use of 5-ALA is complex and causes certain side effects. Sodium fluorescein (FL) is a fluorescent dye that is used(More)
BACKGROUND Survival after first-line therapy is poor for patients with glioblastoma. The role of second-line treatment for recurrent disease is controversial. The authors studied the outcome in a subset of patients with glioblastoma who were selected for an aggressive reintervention strategy at the time of progression. Their objectives were to improve(More)
Anticonvulsant drugs are frequently given after craniotomy. Phenytoin (PHT) is the most commonly used agent; levetiracetam (LEV) is a new anticonvulsant drug with fewer side effects. To compare the incidence of seizures in patients receiving either prophylactic PHT or LEV perioperatively, 971 patients undergoing a craniotomy were analysed retrospectively(More)
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the medial forebrain bundle (MFB) was reported to reduce symptoms in psychiatric disorders. The aim of our study was to find standardised parameters for diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) based fibre tracking to reliably visualise the MFB. Twenty-two cerebral hemispheres in 11 patients were investigated. Three different regions(More)
Geometric distortions and low spatial resolution are current limitations in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). The aim of this study was to evaluate if application of parallel imaging or significant reduction of voxel size in combination with a new 32-channel head array coil can reduce those drawbacks at 1.5 T for a simple hand motor task.(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors evaluate blood flow velocities in the medial cerebral artery (MCA) and the basilar artery using magnetic resonance (MR) phase contrast technique in comparison with transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD). Eleven healthy male volunteers were studied. TCD of the MCA (n = 22) and basilar artery (n = 11) was performed. MR phase velocity(More)
The aim of our study was to evaluate the registration accuracy and practicability of a new laser registration technique in comparison to marker registration. From January to August 2001, 36 patients (23 male, 13 female) with brain lesions were operated with navigational guidance. Thirty-five patients were registered by paired-point registration. In 16(More)
High-grade gliomas are the most common primary tumors in the central nervous system (CNS) in adults. Despite efforts to improve treatment by combination therapies (neurosurgery, radio- and chemotherapy), high-grade glioma patients still have a grim prognosis, indicating an urgent need for new therapeutic approaches. The molecular processes of gliomagenesis(More)
Objective. The aim of our study was to evaluate MRI/Ultrasonography fusion accuracy depending on three ultrasonographic parameters. Method. An ultrasonography and MRI compatible model was created, consisting of a plastic box, which contained 3 objects. MRI scans were performed with 128 sagittal slices. The objects were segmented and 3D reconstructions were(More)