Juergen Koebke

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The present study proposes a simple and reproducible method to classify the morphology of the suprascapular notch (SSN), on the basis of specific geometrical parameters that clearly distinguish one type from another. Four hundred twenty-three dried scapulas from the Department of Anatomy in the University of Cologne, Germany, were examined. Five types of(More)
Variations of the course of the internal carotid artery in the parapharyngeal space and their frequency were studied in order to determine possible risks for acute haemorrhage during pharyngeal surgery and traumatic events, as well as their possible relevance to cerebrovascular disease. The course of the internal carotid artery showed no curvature in 191(More)
Intramedullary fixation is used increasingly to treat clavicular fractures. Anatomical variations in the clavicle of relevance to this procedure are analyzed. The length, diameters and curvature of the clavicle were measured in 196 specimens from the dissecting room. The calcium bone density was analyzed in 300 cross-sectional samples of 100 specimens. The(More)
To detect the variable relationship between sciatic nerve and piriformis muscle and make surgeons aware of certain anatomical features of each variation that may be useful for the surgical treatment of the piriformis syndrome. The gluteal region of 147 Caucasian cadavers (294 limbs) was dissected. The anatomical relationship between the sciatic nerve and(More)
Injury to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is regarded as critical to the physiological kinematics of the femoral-tibial joint, its disruption eventually causing long-term functional impairment. Both the initial trauma and the pathologic motion pattern of the injured knee may result in primary degenerative lesions of the secondary stabilisers of the(More)
Correct placement of the tibial and femoral bone tunnel is prerequisite to a successful anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. This study compares the resulting radiographic femoral bone tunnel position of two commonly used techniques for arthroscopically assisted drilling of the femoral bone tunnel: the transtibial approach or drilling through(More)
Introduction: Press-fit fixation of bone-patellar tendon–bone (BPTB) grafts in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction has been analyzed biomechanically in previous studies; however, the use of quadriceps tendon–patellar bone (QTPB) grafts has not been studied so far. It is hypothesized that QTPB grafts provide primary fixation strength comparable(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is present in two-thirds of patients with multiple injuries and in one-third combined with injuries of the extremities. Studies on interactive effects between central and peripheral injuries are scarce due to the absence of clinically relevant models. To meet the demand for "more-hit" models, an experimental model of combined(More)
The present study was conducted to evaluate the influence of bone-plug length on the primary stability of patellar tendon-bone grafts, using a femoral press-fit fixation technique. Forty-eight human PTB grafts with a patellar bone-plug length of 15 mm and 25 mm were obtained from 24 human cadavers (mean age 72 years) and implanted to porcine femora in a(More)
Neutral sphingomyelinases sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase (SMPD)2 and -3 hydrolyze sphingomyelin to phosphocholine and ceramide. smpd2 is expressed ubiquitously, and smpd3 is expressed predominantly in neurons of the CNS. Their activation and the functions of the released ceramides have been associated with signaling pathways in cell growth,(More)