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BACKGROUND Prostate cancer is a very common disease in more-developed countries, but its cause is largely unknown. It is an androgen-dependent cancer, and androgens have been proposed as having a substantial role in predisposition to the disease. Thus, variations in androgen metabolism genes may affect risk of this disease. METHODS We screened 216(More)
Classical galactosemia is caused by a deficiency in activity of the enzyme galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase (GALT), which, in turn, is caused by mutations at the GALT gene. The disorder exhibits considerable allelic heterogeneity and, at the end of 1998, more than 150 different base changes were recorded in 24 different populations and ethnic groups(More)
Prostate cancer is the most common serious cancer diagnosed in men in the United States. This disease is also characterized by a striking racial/ethnic variation in incidence: highest in African-Americans, intermediate in Caucasians, slightly lower in Latinos, and lowest in Asians. Ample biochemical and epidemiological evidence suggests a role for(More)
To follow-up our previous observation that vaginal agenesis might be associated with decreased activity of galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase (GALT), we studied activity and genotype of GALT in 13 daughters with vaginal agenesis and their mothers. For comparison, GALT measurements were available from 113 pre-menopausal women with no known Müllerian(More)
It has been suggested that the activity of the steroid 5alpha-reductase type II enzyme (encoded by the SRD5A2 gene) may be associated with prostate cancer risk and that population differences in this enzyme's activity may account for part of the substantial racial/ethnic disparity in prostate cancer risk. To provide etiological clues, we evaluated the(More)
Human prostatic steroid 5alpha-reductase, encoded by the SRD5A2 gene on chromosome band 2p23, catalyses the irreversible conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT), the most active androgen in the prostate, with NADPH as its cofactor. This enzyme has never been purified but a number of competitive inhibitors have been developed for this enzyme(More)
Elevated dihydrotestosterone levels have been suggested to increase the risk of prostate cancer. The human SRD5A2 gene encodes the type II steroid 5 alpha-reductase, which converts testosterone to the more bioactive compound dihydrotestosterone. We have determined the distribution of a dinucleotide repeat in low-risk Asian-Americans, high-risk(More)
Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed non-skin cancer in men in most western countries. Despite the high morbidity and mortality from prostate cancer, its etiology remains obscure. Although compelling laboratory data suggest a role for androgens in prostate carcinogenesis, most epidemiologic data on humans are inconclusive. To provide insights and(More)
The (basal) level of FSH measured during early menses is emerging as a predictor of ovarian competence. In this study, correlates of basal FSH were examined in 222 premenopausal women who were not using oral contraceptives and selected from either the general population or a clinic for women with family histories of ovarian cancer. Using analysis of(More)
The prostate gland is an androgen-dependent, and polymorphisms in androgen synthesis gene steroid 5-alpha reductase type II (SRD5A2) may be associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer. We evaluated the association between 3 polymorphisms in the SRD5A2 gene (2 single nucleotide polymorphism: alanine-49 to threonine [A49T] and(More)