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The non-fimbrial adhesins, YadA of enteropathogenic Yersinia species, and UspA1 and UspA2 of Moraxella catarrhalis, are established pathogenicity factors. In electron micrographs, both surface proteins appear as distinct 'lollipop'-shaped structures forming a novel type of surface projection on the outer membranes. These structures, amino acid sequence(More)
The flagellum is believed to be the common ancestor of all type III secretion systems (TTSSs). In Yersinia enterocolitica, expression of the flagellar TTSS and the Ysc (Yop secretion) TTSS are inversely regulated. We therefore hypothesized that the Ysc TTSS may adopt flagellar motor components in order to use the pathogenicity-related translocon in a(More)
In this study, we investigated the activity of transcription factor NF-kappaB in macrophages infected with Yersinia enterocolitica. Although triggering initially a weak NF-kappaB signal, Y. enterocolitica inhibited NF-kappaB activation in murine J774A.1 and peritoneal macrophages within 60 to 90 min. Simultaneously, Y. enterocolitica prevented prolonged(More)
To evaluate the value of single and nested PCRs for diagnosis of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) in a variety of respiratorily distressed patient groups, 574 respiratory samples from 334 patients (89 human immunodeficiency virus [HIV]-positive patients, 61 transplant recipients, 66 malignancy patients, 34 otherwise immunosuppressed patients, and 84(More)
A characteristic of the three human-pathogenic Yersinia spp. (the plague agent Yersinia pestis and the enteropathogenic Yersinia pseudotuberculosis and Yersinia enterocolitica) is the expression of the virulence (V)-antigen (LcrV). LcrV is a released protein which is involved in contact-induced secretion of yersinia antihost proteins and in evasion of the(More)
Aspergillus fumigatius is a ubiquitous saprophytic fungus that has become the most prevalent airborne fungal pathogen for immunocompromised patients during the last two decades. In this report we have analysed how macrophages recognize this microorganism. Using transfected human HEK 293 cells we demonstrate that NF-kappaB-dependent promoter activation(More)
Susceptibility of mice to infection with Yersinia enterocolitica has been shown to be related to neither the Ity locus encoding for resistance to Salmonella typhimurium and other pathogens nor the H-2 locus. Recent studies in our laboratory have demonstrated that T-cell-mediated immune responses are required for overcoming primary Yersinia infection. In the(More)
Many enteric pathogens are equipped with multiple cell adhesion factors which are important for host tissue colonization and virulence. Y. enterocolitica, a common food-borne pathogen with invasive properties, uses the surface proteins invasin and YadA for host cell binding and entry. In this study, we demonstrate unique cell adhesion and invasion(More)
Two-component signaling systems are widespread in bacteria, but also found in fungi. In this study, we have characterized TcsC, the only Group III two-component sensor kinase of Aspergillus fumigatus. TcsC is required for growth under hyperosmotic stress, but dispensable for normal growth, sporulation and conidial viability. A characteristic feature of the(More)
The phylogenetic relationship of representative members of the genera Trichophyton, Microsporum and Epidermophyton was studied. 844 base pairs were compared after sequencing the nuclear 18S ribosomal RNA gene spanning the most variable area within the central 600 bases of this gene. The dermatophytes, which are monophyletic in origin, could be classified(More)