Juergen Heesemann

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A characteristic of the three human-pathogenic Yersinia spp. (the plague agent Yersinia pestis and the enteropathogenic Yersinia pseudotuberculosis and Yersinia enterocolitica) is the expression of the virulence (V)-antigen (LcrV). LcrV is a released protein which is involved in contact-induced secretion of yersinia antihost proteins and in evasion of the(More)
In this study, we investigated the activity of transcription factor NF-␬ B in macrophages infected with Yersinia enterocolitica. Although triggering initially a weak NF-␬ B signal, Y. entero-colitica inhibited NF-␬ B activation in murine J774A.1 and peritoneal macrophages within 60 to 90 min. Simultaneously, Y. enterocolitica prevented prolonged degradation(More)
Many enteric pathogens are equipped with multiple cell adhesion factors which are important for host tissue colonization and virulence. Y. enterocolitica, a common food-borne pathogen with invasive properties, uses the surface proteins invasin and YadA for host cell binding and entry. In this study, we demonstrate unique cell adhesion and invasion(More)
BACKGROUND Pathogenic Yersinia species (Y. enterocolitica, Y. pestis, Y. pseudotuberculosis) share a type three secretion system (TTSS) which allows translocation of effector proteins (called Yops) into host cells. It is believed that proteins are delivered through a hollow needle with an inner diameter of 2-3 nm. Thus transport seems to require substrates(More)
Two-component signaling systems are widespread in bacteria, but also found in fungi. In this study, we have characterized TcsC, the only Group III two-component sensor kinase of Aspergillus fumigatus. TcsC is required for growth under hyperosmotic stress, but dispensable for normal growth, sporulation and conidial viability. A characteristic feature of the(More)
An acute infectious illness frequently precedes the Guillain-Barré syndrome. Recently, Campylobacter jejuni was claimed to be a predominant precipitating agent that may also trigger a humoral immune response to glycoconjugates of peripheral myelin in Guillain-Barré syndrome. Because of conflicting reports, we determined the frequency of a recent infection(More)
Myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) is an essential intracellular signal transducer in Toll-like receptor (TLR) and interleukin (IL)-1 receptor family member-mediated cell activation. In order to characterize the role of MyD88 in pneumococcal meningitis we used gene-targeted mice lacking functional MyD88 expression. At 24 h after intracisternal(More)
Human cytomegalovirus infects vascular tissues and has been associated with atherogenesis and coronary restenosis. Although established laboratory strains of human cytomegalovirus have lost the ability to grow on vascular endothelial cells, laboratory strains of murine cytomegalovirus retain this ability. With the use of a forward-genetic procedure(More)
Many in vitro and in vivo applications for transgenesis require co-expression of heterologous genes. The use of internal ribosome entry sites (IRESs) in dicistronic expression vectors enables the expression of two genes controlled by one promoter in target cells or whole organisms. Here we describe the expansion of IRES exploitation to generate(More)