Juergen Heesemann

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Stage conversion between tachyzoites and bradyzoites of Toxoplasma gondii was investigated in vitro by using murine bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs) as host cells. Following infection of untreated BMMs with tachyzoites, spontaneous expression of bradyzoite-specific antigens (Bsa) occurred at low frequency with Toxoplasma strain-dependent ratios from(More)
The non-fimbrial adhesins, YadA of enteropathogenic Yersinia species, and UspA1 and UspA2 of Moraxella catarrhalis, are established pathogenicity factors. In electron micrographs, both surface proteins appear as distinct 'lollipop'-shaped structures forming a novel type of surface projection on the outer membranes. These structures, amino acid sequence(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), the emergence of hypermutable Pseudomonas aeruginosa drives the selection of P. aeruginosa variants that are efficiently adapted to the inflamed lungs of these patients. OBJECTIVE To provide a detailed survey of adaptive changes in the physiology of P. aeruginosa during chronic lung infection in patients(More)
New technologies such as high-throughput methods and 13C-isotopologue-profiling analysis are beginning to provide us with insight into the in vivo metabolism of microorganisms, especially in the host cell compartments that are colonized by intracellular bacterial pathogens. In this Review, we discuss the recent progress made in determining the major carbon(More)
A characteristic of the three human-pathogenic Yersinia spp. (the plague agent Yersinia pestis and the enteropathogenic Yersinia pseudotuberculosis and Yersinia enterocolitica) is the expression of the virulence (V)-antigen (LcrV). LcrV is a released protein which is involved in contact-induced secretion of yersinia antihost proteins and in evasion of the(More)
The Yersinia adhesin YadA is the prototype of a novel class of bacterial adhesins which form oligomeric lollipop-like structures and are anchored in the outer membrane by the C terminus. For YadA, six different regions (R) or domains (D) are predicted from the amino acid sequence: the N-terminal leader sequence, head-D, neck-D, stalk-D, linking-R, and a(More)
Aspergillus fumigatius is a ubiquitous saprophytic fungus that has become the most prevalent airborne fungal pathogen for immunocompromised patients during the last two decades. In this report we have analysed how macrophages recognize this microorganism. Using transfected human HEK 293 cells we demonstrate that NF-kappaB-dependent promoter activation(More)
Virulence of Yersinia enterocolitica O:8 is associated with pO:8, a 42-megadalton plasmid. We constructed a mobilizable pO:8 derivative by successive in vitro and in vivo genetic manipulations. The in vitro constructed hybrid molecule pRK290B8-5 consisting of the mobilizable vector pRK290B and a 2.9-megadalton BamHI fragment of pO:8 was conjugally(More)
Aspergillus fumigatus is a fungal pathogen causing severe infections in immunocompromised patients. For clearance of inhaled conidia, an efficient response of the innate immune system is required. Macrophages represent the first line of defence and ingest and kill conidia. C-type lectins represent a family of receptors, which recognize pathogen-specific(More)
The primary attachment to polymer surfaces followed by accumulation in multilayered cell clusters leads to production of Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilms, which are thought to contribute to virulence in biomaterial-related infections. We isolated Tn917 transposon mutants of biofilm-producing S. epidermidis 13-1, which were completely biofilm negative. In(More)