Juergen Brueck

Learn More
Fumarates improve multiple sclerosis (MS) and psoriasis, two diseases in which both IL-12 and IL-23 promote pathogenic T helper (Th) cell differentiation. However, both diseases show opposing responses to most established therapies. First, we show in humans that fumarate treatment induces IL-4-producing Th2 cells in vivo and generates type II dendritic(More)
Sepsis, sepsis-induced hyperinflammation and subsequent sepsis-associated immunosuppression (SAIS) are important causes of death. Here we show in humans that the loss of the major reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenger, glutathione (GSH), during SAIS directly correlates with an increase in the expression of activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3). In(More)
The melanosomal protein TRP2 expressed by melanocytes and most melanoma cells is an attractive, clinically relevant model antigen for the experimental development of melanoma immunotherapy in mice. A peptide shared by murine and human TRP2 can be recognized by melanoma-reactive CTL in C57BL/6 mice, as well as in human melanoma patients. Previous experiments(More)
We previously showed that genetic immunization of C57BL/6 mice with recombinant adenovirus encoding human TRP2 (Ad-hTRP2) was able to circumvent tolerance and induce cellular and humoral immune responses to murine TRP2 associated with protection against metastatic growth of B16 melanoma. In the present study we compared delivery of Ad-hTRP2 with cultured(More)
BACKGROUND The induction of cellular immune responses to melanocyte-specific enzymes such as the tyrosinase family of proteins is the goal of various clinical studies for the immunotherapy of melanoma. Tyrosinase-related protein-2 (TRP2) is an attractive model antigen for preclinical studies in C57BL/6 mice because it is naturally expressed by the murine(More)
Anti (alpha)-DEC-205 antibodies target to the DEC-205 receptor that mediates antigen presentation to T cells by dendritic cells. To exploit these properties for immunization purposes, we conjugated the melanoma antigen tyrosinase-related protein (TRP)-2 to alphaDEC-205 antibodies and immunized mice with these conjugates together with dendritic(More)
Mechanisms maintaining peripheral tolerance to self-antigens present a major obstacle for the development of antigen-specific melanoma vaccines, presumably because self-antigens are not able to stimulate a CD4 T-helper response. Using the melanosomal enzyme tyrosinase-related protein 2 (TRP2) expressed by melanocytes and most melanoma cells as a model(More)
Sulforaphane (SFN), an isothiocyanate, is part of an important group of naturally occurring small molecules with anti-inflammatory properties. The published reports are best conceivable with an inhibition of T cell function, but the mode of action remains unknown. We therefore analyzed the effect of SFN on T cell-mediated autoimmune disease. Feeding mice(More)
The balance between GSH-levels and oxidative stress is critical for cell survival. The GSH-levels of erythrocytes are dramatically decreased during infection with Plasmodium spp. We therefore investigated the consequences of targeting GSH for erythrocyte and Plasmodium survival in vitro and in vivo using dimethylfumarate (DMF) at therapeutically established(More)
Transduction of B16 melanoma cells with IFN alpha (B16-IFN alpha) enhances CD8(+) T-cell-dependent tumor immunity in mice, resulting in delayed outgrowth in vivo. Here we provide evidence that CD4(+) T cells down-regulate the IFN alpha-induced tumor immune defense. Importantly, depletion of regulatory CD25(+) CD4(+) T cells prevented growth of B16-IFN alpha(More)