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We present a measure for characterizing statistical relationships between two time sequences. In contrast to commonly used measures like cross-correlations, coherence and mutual information, the proposed measure is non-symmetric and provides information about the direction of interdependence. It is closely related to recent attempts to detect generalized(More)
We test recent claims that causal (driver-response) relationships can be deduced from interdependencies between simultaneously measured time series. We apply two recently proposed interdependence measures that should give results similar to cross predictabilities used by previous authors. The systems that we study are asymmetrically coupled simple models(More)
In the present study, the applicability of proton NMR spectroscopy and matrix-assisted laser desorption and ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) to the analysis of the lipid composition of human spermatozoa and seminal fluids as well as changes after cryopreservation of human spermatozoa was investigated. Whereas NMR spectra primarily(More)
Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry is an established tool for the analysis of proteins, whereas it gained by far less interest in the field of lipid analysis. This method works well with phospholipids as well as organic cell extracts and provides high sensitivity and reproducibility. The aim of the(More)
Several recent studies emphasize the high value of nonlinear EEG analysis particularly for improved characterization of epileptic brain states. In this review the authors report their work to increase insight into the spatial and temporal dynamics of the epileptogenic process. Specifically, they discuss possibilities for seizure anticipation, which is one(More)
Myeloperoxidase plays a fundamental role in oxidant production by neutrophils. It uses hydrogen peroxide and chloride to catalyze the production of hypochlorous acid (HOCl), which contributes to both bacterial killing and oxidative injury of host tissue. Thus, MPO is an interesting target for anti-inflammatory therapy. Here, based on the extraordinary and(More)
Whereas matrix-assisted laser desorption and ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) has gained high importance in the field of protein analysis, surprisingly few studies were published about the use of MALDI for lipid analysis. Lipids, however, are well-suited for MALDI since all experiments can be performed in a sole organic phase and,(More)
The interest in the analysis of lipids and phospholipids is continuously increasing due to the importance of these molecules in biochemistry (e.g. in the context of biomembranes and lipid second messengers) as well as in industry. Unfortunately, commonly used methods of lipid analysis are often time-consuming and tedious because they include previous(More)
Effects of hypochlorous acid and of the myeloperoxidase-hydrogen peroxide-chloride system on mono- and polyunsaturated phosphatidylcholines were analyzed by means of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). Chlorohydrins and glycols were detected as main products according to the characteristic shift of(More)
The myeloperoxidase-derived metabolite hypochlorous acid (HOCl) promotes the selective cleavage of plasmalogens into chloro fatty aldehydes and 1-lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC). The subsequent conversion of the initially generated LPC was investigated in plasmalogen samples in dependence on the fatty acid residue in the sn-2 position by matrix-assisted laser(More)