Juerg Tschirren

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The segmentation of the human airway tree from volumetric computed tomography (CT) images builds an important step for many clinical applications and for physiological studies. Previously proposed algorithms suffer from one or several problems: leaking into the surrounding lung parenchyma, the need for the user to manually adjust parameters, excessive(More)
The interpretation of experimental results from functional medical imaging is complicated by intersubject and interspecies differences in airway geometry. The application of computational models in understanding the significance of these differences requires methods for generation of subject-specific geometric models of the bronchial airway tree. In the(More)
Matching of corresponding branchpoints between two human airway trees, as well as assigning anatomical names to the segments and branchpoints of the human airway tree, are of significant interest for clinical applications and physiological studies. In the past, these tasks were often performed manually due to the lack of automated algorithms that can(More)
This paper describes a framework for establishing a reference airway tree segmentation, which was used to quantitatively evaluate fifteen different airway tree extraction algorithms in a standardized manner. Because of the sheer difficulty involved in manually constructing a complete reference standard from scratch, we propose to construct the reference(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Efforts to establish a quantitative approach to the computed tomography (CT)-based character ization of the lung parenchyma in interstitial lung disease (including emphysema) has been sought. The accuracy of these tools must be site independent. Multi-detector row CT has remained the gold standard for imaging the lung, and it(More)
A segmentation framework for the identification of human airway trees in high resolution computed tomography (CT) images is presented. This framework consists of a fully automated segmentation algorithm, supplemented by software editing tools that allow the user to correct the airway segmentation result if needed. The algorithm and tools presented in this(More)
A method for computationally efficient skeletonization of three-dimensional tubular structures is reported. The method is specifically targeting skeletonization of vascular and airway tree structures in medical images but it is general and applicable to many other skeletonization tasks. The developed approach builds on the following novel concepts and(More)
BACKGROUND In CT scans of smokers with COPD, the subsegmental airway wall area percent (WA%) is greater and more strongly correlated with FEV1 % predicted than WA% obtained in the segmental airways. Because emphysema is linked to loss of airway tethering and may limit airway expansion, increases in WA% may be related to emphysema and not solely to(More)
IMPORTANCE Central airway collapse greater than 50% of luminal area during exhalation (expiratory central airway collapse [ECAC]) is associated with cigarette smoking and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, its prevalence and clinical significance are unknown. OBJECTIVE To determine whether ECAC is associated with respiratory morbidity(More)