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BACKGROUND A large volume of visits can cause an emergency department (ED) to become overcrowded, resulting in a longer length of stay (LOS). The objective of this study was to analyze factors affecting the LOS in the pediatric ED. METHODS Records of all visits to the pediatric ED of the study hospital, from July 1, 2006 to June 31, 2007, were(More)
We design a solid phantom with painted tongue body as a simulation of human tongue and analyze the average color distance of the phantom images to evaluate the repeatability and reproducibility of this instrument. The color difference is applied as a tolerance of Precision-to-Tolerance ratio (P/T) in QS9000. The P/T ratio of total measurement is used to(More)
BACKGROUND Hospital-acquired infections are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in neonatal intensive care units (NICU). The aim of the study was to investigate the change of nosocomial infection rate in a NICU during a 4-year surveillance period. METHODS We investigated the changes in nosocomial infection rates, infection sites, and microorganism(More)
BACKGROUND Current clinical practices used to functionally classify heart failure (HF) are time-consuming, expensive, or require complex calculations. This study aimed to design an inquiry list from the perspective of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) that could be used in routine clinical practice to resolve these problems. METHODS The severity of(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to evaluate parenting stress in parents of children with refractory epilepsy before and after their children received vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) implantation. METHODS Parents of children with refractory epilepsy completed the Parenting Stress Index (PSI) under a psychologist's assessment before and at least 12(More)
How to evaluate an appropriate correlation with fuzzy data is an important topic in the educational and psychological measurement. Especially when the data illustrate uncertain, inconsistent and incomplete type, fuzzy statistical method has some promising features that help resolving the unclear thinking in human logic and recognition. Traditionally, we use(More)
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