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Primary ciliary dyskinesia most often arises from loss of the dynein motors that power ciliary beating. Here we show that DNAAF3 (also known as PF22), a previously uncharacterized protein, is essential for the preassembly of dyneins into complexes before their transport into cilia. We identified loss-of-function mutations in the human DNAAF3 gene in(More)
We previously found that a mutation at the ODA7 locus in Chlamydomonas prevents axonemal outer row dynein assembly by blocking association of heavy chains and intermediate chains in the cytoplasm. We have now cloned the ODA7 locus by walking in the Chlamydomonas genome from nearby molecular markers, confirmed the identity of the gene by rescuing the mutant(More)
LRRC50 transcripts are found at a higher level in trachea and at lower, but significant, levels in testis and lung. The ubiquitously expressed ERCC3 gene was used as an internal control to normalize the data. A representative experiment of 3 independent experiments is shown. 500 ng of total RNA from different human tissues obtained from Clontech (Takara Bio(More)
The Chlamydomonas reinhardtii oda8 mutation blocks assembly of flagellar outer dynein arms (ODAs), and interacts genetically with ODA5 and ODA10, which encode axonemal proteins thought to aid dynein binding onto axonemal docking sites. We positionally cloned ODA8 and identified the gene product as the algal homolog of vertebrate LRRC56. Its flagellar(More)
The genetic disorder primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) arises from dysmotility of cilia in the respiratory tract, brain ventricles, oviduct and the embryonic node. Patients have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, reduced fertility and situs abnormalities. PCD is genetically heterogeneous with 12 genes causing ~40% of all cases, two encoding proteins(More)
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