Learn More
Primary ciliary dyskinesia most often arises from loss of the dynein motors that power ciliary beating. Here we show that DNAAF3 (also known as PF22), a previously uncharacterized protein, is essential for the preassembly of dyneins into complexes before their transport into cilia. We identified loss-of-function mutations in the human DNAAF3 gene in(More)
Gender differences have been described in the response of the cardiovascular system to a number of stimuli, including ventricular remodeling in response to pressure overload, but the molecular basis for these differences remains unclear. Because gender differences in the cardiac expression of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) could contribute to(More)
We previously found that a mutation at the ODA7 locus in Chlamydomonas prevents axonemal outer row dynein assembly by blocking association of heavy chains and intermediate chains in the cytoplasm. We have now cloned the ODA7 locus by walking in the Chlamydomonas genome from nearby molecular markers, confirmed the identity of the gene by rescuing the mutant(More)
Cilia and flagella are evolutionarily conserved structures that play various physiological roles in diverse cell types. Defects in motile cilia result in primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD), the most prominent ciliopathy, characterized by the association of respiratory symptoms, male infertility, and, in nearly 50% of cases, situs inversus. So far, most(More)
The Chlamydomonas reinhardtii oda8 mutation blocks assembly of flagellar outer dynein arms (ODAs), and interacts genetically with ODA5 and ODA10, which encode axonemal proteins thought to aid dynein binding onto axonemal docking sites. We positionally cloned ODA8 and identified the gene product as the algal homolog of vertebrate LRRC56. Its flagellar(More)
The genetic disorder primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) arises from dysmotility of cilia in the respiratory tract, brain ventricles, oviduct and the embryonic node. Patients have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, reduced fertility and situs abnormalities. PCD is genetically heterogeneous with 12 genes causing ~40% of all cases, two encoding proteins(More)
  • 1