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PURPOSE To identify the apical and basolateral membrane mechanisms and intracellular signaling pathways in human fetal retinal pigment epithelium (HRPE) that mediate membrane voltage and resistance changes caused by apical membrane adrenergic receptor activation. METHODS Intact sheets of RPE-choroid from human fetal eyes were mounted in a modified Ussing(More)
Cyclin D1 belongs to a family of proteins that regulate progression through the G1-S phase of the cell cycle by binding to cyclin-dependent kinase (cdk)-4 to phosphorylate the retinoblastoma protein and release E2F transcription factors for progression through cell cycle. Several cancers, including breast, colon, and prostate, overexpress the cyclin D1(More)
BACKGROUND Recent technological advances in high-throughput data collection allow for experimental study of increasingly complex systems on the scale of the whole cellular genome and proteome. Gene network models are needed to interpret the resulting large and complex data sets. Rationally designed perturbations (e.g., gene knock-outs) can be used to(More)
In the vertebrate eye, the photoreceptor outer segments and the apical membrane of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) are separated by a small extracellular (subretinal) space whose volume and chemical composition varies in the light and dark. Light onset triggers relatively fast (ms) retinal responses and much slower voltage and resistance changes (s to(More)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) were added to the solutions bathing the apical membrane of bovine retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)-choroid explants. For example, niflumic acid (100 microM) depolarized the basolateral membrane voltage (VB) by approximately 12 mV, increased transepithelial potential by 4.5 mV, decreased intracellular Cl activity(More)
Identification of regulatory molecules in signaling pathways is critical for understanding cellular behavior. Given the complexity of the transcriptional gene network, the relationship between molecular expression and phenotype is difficult to determine using reductionist experimental methods. Computational models provide the means to characterize(More)
The electrophysiological properties of NG108-15 neuroblastoma x glioma hybrids were compared after culture in serum-containing medium (SCM) versus serum-free media (SFM) containing N2 or B27 supplements. The excitability of cells was media dependent (B27 > N2 > SCM). Action potential profiles of SFM cells were characterized by slower activation and(More)
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