Judy E Kalinyak

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Angiotensin II exerts positive inotropic and chronotropic effects on the mammalian heart by binding to specific membrane receptors. Recently, two subtypes of angiotensin II receptors (AT1 and AT2) have been distinguished by using the nonpeptide antagonists losartan (previously known as DuP 753) and PD123177. To evaluate the tissue distribution and subtypes(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to determine whether angiotensin II (Ang II) promotes hypertrophy of cardiac directly or via paracrine mechanisms mediated by cardiac fibroblasts. METHODS We studied neonatal rat cardiac myocytes and fibroblasts in culture as a model system. Paracrine effects of Ang II were identified using conditioned medium and co-culture(More)
The pituitary prohormone proopiomelanocortin gives rise to melanocortins of alpha, beta, and gamma primary structure in addition to corticotropin. Melanocortins have a variety of actions in mammals, and each is natriuretic. In particular, gamma-melanocyte-stimulating hormone has been shown to mediate reflex natriuresis after acute unilateral nephrectomy. We(More)
Angiotensin II initiates a variety of physiological effects in the kidney by binding to high-affinity receptors on plasma membranes. Recently, two subtypes of angiotensin II receptors have been distinguished on the basis of differences in signal transduction mechanisms, binding affinity to agonists and antagonists, and inhibition of binding by(More)
Angiotensin II is known primarily for its effects on blood pressure and electrolyte homeostasis, but recent studies suggest that angiotensin II may play a role in the regulation of cellular growth. This study was undertaken to identify the angiotensin II receptor subtypes expressed during fetal and neonatal development and to characterize their cellular(More)
The biological action of glucocorticoids is dependent upon tissue-specific levels of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR). During stress, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis is stimulated, and high levels of glucocorticoids circulate. This axis is modulated by negative feedback by glucocorticoids, which inhibit hypothalamic and pituitary hormone secretion(More)
It has been hypothesized that the renin-angiotensin system plays a pathophysiologic role in the renal hemodynamic abnormalities that occur in diabetes mellitus and thereby contributes to the development of diabetic nephropathy. In this study, the tissue-specific regulation of renin and angiotensinogen mRNA levels and the abundance of glomerular angiotensin(More)
To evaluate changes in lipoprotein lipase (LPL) expression during development, levels of LPL mRNA, protein, and enzyme activity were measured in heart, epididymal fat, kidney, and brain of rats, from late gestation through 24 mo. LPL mRNA, protein, and enzyme activity were low in fetal and neonatal hearts. LPL mRNA increased 11-fold by 60 days and remained(More)
The first aim of the study was to determine whether 99mTc-HYNIC-annexin V, a marker of cellular stress and apoptosis, can detect ischemic injury in patients with acute stroke. Secondly, we wished to test radiolabeled annexin’s ability to monitor therapy in a rodent model of focal ischemic injury. SPECT imaging of patients was performed between 1 and 2 h(More)