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Young autistic children were compared to normal and control samples on measures of non-verbal communication skills and object play skills. Deficits in non-verbal indicating behaviors best discriminated the children diagnosed as autistic from the other groups. Although the autistic children also exhibited deficits in object play behavior, these deficits did(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the psychosocial and parenthood-specific adjustment and attitudes to parenting at 1 year postpartum of IVF parents. DESIGN Prospective, controlled study. SETTING Volunteers in a teaching hospital environment. PATIENT(S) Sixty-five primiparous women with singleton IVF pregnancies and their partners, and a control group of 61(More)
The aim of this study was to compare 70 couples who had conceived by in-vitro fertilization (IVF) with 63 matched controls for the prevalence of anxiety and quality of attachment to the baby during pregnancy. Results for mothers showed no group differences using a global measure of anxiety, the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. However,(More)
Infant attachment and mother-child interaction were evaluated for 65 primiparous women and their singleton infants conceived through in vitro fertilisation (IVF) and a control group of 61 women and their infants conceived naturally. The sample was enrolled during pregnancy as part of a longitudinal study. At 12 months postpartum, security of infant(More)
The development, behaviour and temperament of 65 singleton infants conceived through in-vitro fertilization (IVF) and 63 matched controls were compared at 1 year postpartum. Primiparous women were recruited during pregnancy and their infants' development was assessed at 1 year. In addition, test-taking behaviour was evaluated by an examiner using the Bayley(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the social and cognitive correlates of language acquisition in autistic children. Functional and symbolic play skills were shown to be associated with language abilities in a sample of young autistic children (mean CA 54.5 months), thereby replicating previous findings. Certain types of nonverbal communication skills(More)
The social interactions of young autistic children and their caregivers were contrasted to interactions involving normal and mentally retarded controls. The autistic children displayed a much lower frequency of attention sharing behaviors, such as pointing to or showing objects. Alternatively, the autistic children directed as much looking, vocalizing and(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine psychological adjustment to early motherhood at 4 months postpartum in mothers who conceived by IVF-ET. DESIGN Controlled clinical study. SETTING Healthy human volunteers in an academic research environment. PATIENT(S) Sixty-five primiparous women undergoing IVF-ET and 62 age-matched primiparous women with no history of(More)
Assessments of play, sensorimotor, language, and general developmental skills were administered to 20 preterm and 20 full-term infants at comparable corrected and postnatal ages in 5 sessions during the second and third years of life. Clear effects of biological maturity on play and sensorimotor skills were demonstrated at 13 1/2 months, and less pervasive(More)