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Several lines of evidence suggest a link between the alpha7 neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) and brain disorders including schizophrenia, Alzheimer's disease, and traumatic brain injury. The present work describes a novel molecule, 1-(5-chloro-2,4-dimethoxy-phenyl)-3-(5-methyl-isoxazol-3-yl)-urea (PNU-120596), which acts as a powerful(More)
The mechanism of liver cell injury induced by an overdose of the analgesic acetaminophen (AAP) remains controversial. Recently, it was hypothesized that a significant number of hepatocytes die by apoptosis. Since caspases have been implicated as critical signal and effector proteases in apoptosis, we investigated their potential role in the pathophysiology(More)
Acetaminophen overdose induces severe liver injury and hepatic failure. There is evidence that inflammatory cells may be involved in the pathophysiology. Thus, the aim of this investigation was to characterize the neutrophilic inflammatory response after treatment of C3Heb/FeJ mice with 300 mg/kg acetaminophen. A time course study showed that neutrophils(More)
Effects of a K+ channel blocker on glomerular filtration rate and electrolyte excretion in conscious rats were observed. Effects of K+ channel modulation on glomerular filtration rate and electrolyte excretion were studied using the adenosine-triphosphate- (ATP)-sensitive K+ channel blocker 4-morpholinecarboximidine-N-1-adamantyl-N'-cyclohexylhydr ochloride(More)
Lymphocytes can kill target cells including hepatocytes during various inflammatory diseases by Fas receptor-mediated apoptosis. Caspase-8 is activated at the receptor level, thereby initiating the processing of downstream effector caspases. The aim of this study was to investigate the time course of caspase-8 activation and to evaluate the efficacy of the(More)
Endotoxin (ET) induces neutrophil sequestration in hepatic sinusoids, the activation of proinflammatory transcription factors (nuclear factor KB [NF-kappaB]) with up-regulation of adhesion molecules on sinusoidal endothelial cells and hepatocytes. However, if galactosamine (Gal) is co-administered with ET, neutrophils transmigrate and attack parenchymal(More)
Endotoxin (ET)-induced liver failure is characterized by parenchymal cell apoptosis and inflammation leading to liver cell necrosis. Members of the caspase family have been implicated in the signal transduction pathway of apoptosis. The aim of this study was to characterize ET-induced hepatic caspase activation and apoptosis and to investigate their effect(More)
Four dopamine receptor agonists used for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (apomorphine, pergolide, ropinirole and sumanirole) were evaluated for the ability to block human ether-a-go-go related gene (hERG) K(+) channels and to modify the duration of canine Purkinje fiber action potentials. Apomorphine, pergolide and ropinirole blocked the hERG-mediated(More)
Neutrophils contribute to hepatocellular injury in a number of acute inflammatory reactions. However, the molecular mechanism of parenchymal cell injury remains controversial. To address the issue of whether or not reactive oxygen species (ROS) are important in the injury process, we used the galactosamine/endotoxin (Gal/ET) model of acute liver failure,(More)
A structure-activity analysis of peptides containing backbone C alpha-methyl modification at the P4 site of the angiotensinogen sequence led to the discovery of potent renin inhibitors with apparent in vitro metabolic stability. Boc-alpha-MePro-Phe-His-Leu psi[CHOHCH2]Val-Ile-Amp dicitrate (Va) is a potent inhibitor of human plasma renin with an IC50 value(More)