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PURPOSE The Contrast Media Safety Committee (CMSC) of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR) has updated its 1999 guidelines on contrast medium-induced nephropathy (CIN). AREAS COVERED Topics reviewed include the definition of CIN, the choice of contrast medium, the prophylactic measures used to reduce the incidence of CIN, and the management(More)
PURPOSE To update the guidelines of the Contrast Media Safety Committee (CMSC) of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR) on nephrogenic systemic fibrosis and gadolinium-based contrast media. AREAS COVERED Topics reviewed include the history, clinical features and prevalence of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis and the current understanding of its(More)
The role of the Lotus japonicus LjSym4 gene during the symbiotic interaction with Mesorhizobium loti and arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi was analyzed with two mutant alleles conferring phenotypes of different strength. Ljsym4-1 and Ljsym4-2 mutants do not form nodules with M. loti. Normal root hair curling and infection threads are not observed, while a(More)
The CT appearances of renal and perirenal lymphoma detected in 26 patients are presented. Twenty-four patients had non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and two patients Hodgkin's disease. This represented 3% of all patients scanned for routine staging of known lymphoma. Eleven patients had involvement at the time of relapse only, having had no previous evidence of renal(More)
Ultrasound measurement of splenic length is standard practice, but it is not known how well this represents the true size of the spleen. Previous studies, using a combination of measurements from in vivo and resected spleens, were subject to error because of changes in splenic size. The aim of this study was to correlate the dimensions of the spleen(More)
Twenty-three cases of renal or perirenal involvement by non-Hodgkin's lymphoma were identified from a retrospective review of computed tomography (CT) scans performed on patients at St Bartholomew's Hospital over an 8-year period. The histology, clinical features and survival of these patients were examined. Eighteen of the 23 patients had high grade(More)
Magnetic resonance images of the spine, sternum, femoral heads and upper femoral shafts were obtained from 90 healthy volunteers to determine the normal ranges of spin lattice relaxation time (T1) for different regions of the bone marrow. The influence of age, sex and oral contraceptive usage on bone marrow T1 was assessed. Differences observed between the(More)
The accuracy of spin lattice relaxation time (T1) measurement obtained with a low field strength magnetic resonance imager for the detection of spread of malignant lymphoma to the liver was assessed. The results of histological examination obtained at open liver biopsy were compared with liver T1 values in 27 patients with lymphoma. The normal range for T1(More)
The biosynthesis of diamine oxidase (DAO; EC in leaf blades of subterranean clover (Trifolium subterraneum L. cv Seaton Park) was followed by labeling whole plants with (14)CO(2). A pulse-chase experiment where DAO was immunoprecipitated with anti-DAO antibodies showed that only leaf primordia and the youngest emerged leaves were able to synthesize(More)
Late adverse reactions to intravascular iodinated contrast media are defined as reactions occurring 1 h to 1 week after contrast medium injection. They have received increasing interest over the past decade, but their prevalence remains uncertain and their pathophysiology is not fully understood. The Contrast Media Safety Committee of the European Society(More)