The orexins (hypocretins) are neuropeptides deriving from the lateral hypothalamus and may be of importance within the context of drug craving, withdrawal, and relapse. Therefore, the orexin A expression and promoter methylation in peripheral blood cells of 68 patients (41 male and 27 female patients at three different time points during withdrawal and 27… (More)
CONTEXT Stress plays a major role in the development of comorbid alcohol use disorder (AUD). In turn, AUD worsens the outcome of psychiatric patients with respect to global disease severity, social situation, and socioeconomic burden. Prediction of persons at risk for AUD is crucial for future preventive and therapeutic strategies. OBJECTIVE To… (More)
Erythropoietin (EPO) improves cognitive performance in clinical studies and rodent experiments. We hypothesized that an intrinsic role of EPO for cognition exists, with particular relevance in situations of cognitive decline, which is reflected by associations of EPO and EPO receptor (EPOR) genotypes with cognitive functions. To prove this hypothesis,… (More)
OBJECTIVE To compare bone conduction after fiber-enabled CO2 laser perforation of the stapes footplate with conduction after the "one-shot" technique during stapedotomy in patients with otosclerosis. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective clinical study. SETTING Tertiary reference center. MATERIALS AND METHODS We evaluated data from 178 patients who had undergone… (More)
OBJECTIVE To compare bone conduction after 2 different ways of perforating the stapes footplate during stapedotomy in patients with otosclerosis. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective clinical study. SETTING Tertiary reference center. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study evaluated data from 302 patients (61.2% women) who had undergone primary surgery for stapedial… (More)
und bei Lars, für die medizinischen Hintergrundinformationen.