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There is evidence that CCK and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) mediate the effects of nutrients on appetite and gastrointestinal function and that their interaction may be synergistic. We hypothesized that intravenous CCK-8 and GLP-1 would have synergistic effects on appetite, energy intake, and antropyloroduodenal (APD) motility. Nine healthy males (age 22(More)
It has been suggested that obesity is associated with a reduced glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) response to oral carbohydrate, but not fat. The latter may, however, be attributable to changes in gastric emptying. We have assessed plasma GLP-1 levels in response to these infusions in lean and obese subjects. Seven healthy lean (body mass index (BMI),(More)
Human aging is associated with a reduction in appetite and food intake. Increased activity of the satiety hormone, cholecystokinin (CCK), may be partly responsible. This study aimed to determine whether an increase in fat and energy intake modifies the suppressive effects of CCK-8 on appetite and energy intake. Fourteen healthy older adults completed three(More)
CONTEXT The "incretin" hormones, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), account for some 60% of the stimulation of insulin by oral glucose, but the determinants of their secretion from the small intestine are poorly understood. Cells which release GIP (K cells) are localized to the proximal small intestine,(More)
INTRODUCTION Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) attenuates the glycaemic response to small intestinal nutrient infusion in stress-induced hyperglycaemia and reduces fasting glucose concentrations in critically ill patients with type-2 diabetes. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of acute administration of GLP-1 on the glycaemic response to(More)
BACKGROUND Cholecystokinin (CCK) and peptide YY (PYY) are released in response to intestinal nutrients and play an important physiological role in regulation of gastric emptying (GE). Plasma CCK and PYY concentrations are elevated in critically ill patients, particularly in those with a history of feed intolerance. This study aimed to evaluate the(More)
INTRODUCTION Delayed gastric emptying and feed intolerance occur frequently in the critically ill. In these patients, gastric motor responses to nutrients are disturbed. Peptide YY (PYY) slows gastric emptying. The aim of this study was to determine fasting and nutrient-stimulated plasma PYY concentrations and their relationship to cholecystokinin (CCK) in(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS In rodents, cephalosporin antibiotics can mimic peptones and stimulate release of cholecystokinin (CCK), a hormone that slows gastric emptying. The rate of gastric emptying is a major determinant of postprandial blood glucose and insulin concentrations. We therefore evaluated the effect of orally administered cefaclor on plasma CCK and(More)
It is uncertain whether the postprandial suppression of ghrelin is dependent on digestion and absorption of nutrients or whether the presence of nutrients in the small intestine is sufficient. Twenty-four healthy young adults with a mean age of 23 ± 0.6 years were examined on 3 separate days after an overnight fast. Twelve subjects participated in Part A,(More)
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