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The objective of this article is to provide evidence-based recommendations for the management of patients with herpes zoster (HZ) that take into account clinical efficacy, adverse effects, impact on quality of life, and costs of treatment. Systematic literature reviews, published randomized clinical trials, existing guidelines, and the authors' clinical and(More)
The E6 oncoprotein derived from tumour-associated human papillomaviruses (HPVs) binds to and induces the degradation of the cellular tumour-suppressor protein p53. A common polymorphism that occurs in the p53 amino-acid sequence results in the presence of either a proline or an arginine at position 72. The effect of this polymorphism on the susceptibility(More)
Persistent herpes zoster-associated pain is a significant clinical problem and an area of largely unmet therapeutic need. Progress in elucidating the underlying pathophysiology of zoster-associated pain and related co-morbidity behavior, in addition to appropriately targeted drug development has been hindered by the lack of an appropriate animal model. This(More)
We analysed prospectively the medical, societal and economic burden among patients from 18 general practices in East London, serving 158,716 patients who presented to their general practitioners with acute Herpes Zoster over an 8-month period. One hundred and eighty-six patients with HZ were seen by GPs during the study period, of whom 96 were referred, 70(More)
Respiratory tract infections rank second as causes of adult and paediatric morbidity and mortality worldwide. Respiratory tract infections are caused by many different bacteria (including mycobacteria) and viruses, and rapid detection of pathogens in individual cases is crucial in achieving the best clinical management, public health surveillance, and(More)
The primary varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection results in chickenpox (varicella), which is transmitted via the airborne route. VZV is highly infectious, but in the USA the incidence of varicella has been reduced by 76-87% as a result of the varicella vaccine. The virus establishes latency in the dorsal root ganglia during varicella and, when(More)
The incidence of post-herpetic neuralgia following shingles and the factors that are known to predict it were examined in a prospective observational community study of patients with acute shingles presenting to their family doctors. The detection of viral DNA in the blood at presentation as a prognostic indicator for pain was also evaluated. Patients were(More)
OBJECTIVES Stroke and TIA are recognized complications of acute herpes zoster (HZ). Herein, we evaluate HZ as a risk factor for cerebrovascular disease (stroke and TIA) and myocardial infarction (MI) in a UK population cohort. METHODS A retrospective cohort of 106,601 HZ cases and 213,202 controls, matched for age, sex, and general practice, was(More)
A patient with severe chickenpox was admitted to a negative-pressure isolation room. He remained sedated, intubated and mechanically ventilated throughout his admission. He was managed only by nurses immune to chickenpox. A non-immune male nurse occasionally handed equipment through the doorway, without entering the room. Ten days later, he also developed(More)
The polymerase chain reaction was used to amplify five variable regions of varicella zoster virus DNA from 20 samples of vesicle fluid. Two of the regions, R1 and R5, were found to be polymorphic, with the former having three alleles (A, B and C) and the latter, two (A and B). The R1 and R5 polymorphisms were stable up to passage five in tissue culture. The(More)