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In a recent article in the American Economic Review, Andrew K. Rose (2004) finds that countries belonging to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and its successor, the World Trade Organization (WTO), did not trade more than countries that abstained from membership. A vast literature on the GATT and the WTO presupposes that these organizations(More)
This paper investigates how changes in both institutional incentives and economic interests are important for securing durable changes in economic policy. We study how bipartisan support developed to sustain the Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act (RTAA) of 1934, which fundamentally transformed U.S. trade policy. The durability of this change was achieved only(More)
D oes globalization's impact on the labor market affect how people vote? I address this question using a new dataset based on plant-level data that measures the impact of foreign competition on the U.S. workforce over an 8-year period. Analyzing change in the president's vote share, I find that voters were substantially more sensitive to the loss of local(More)
T his article investigates the nature of the linkages between trade and labor rights in developing countries. Specifically, we hypothesize that a " California effect " serves to transmit superior labor standards from importing to exporting countries, in a manner similar to the transmission of environmental standards. We maintain that, all else being equal,(More)
Clustering high dimensional data has been a big issue for clustering algorithms because of the intrinsic sparsity of the data points. Several recent research results signifies that in case of high dimensional data, even the notion of proximity or clustering possibly will not be significant. K-Means is one of the basic clustering algorithm which is commonly(More)
The isometries of AdS 5 space and supersymmetric AdS 5 ⊗ S 1 space are non-linearly realized on four dimensional Minkowski space. The resultant effective actions in terms of the Nambu-Goldstone modes are constructed. The dilatonic mode governing the motion of the Minkowski space probe brane into the co-volume of supersymmetric AdS 5 space is found to be(More)