Judith L. Benkendorf

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BACKGROUND In response to the isolation of the BRCA1 gene, a breast-ovarian cancer-susceptibility gene, biotechnology companies are already marketing genetic tests to health care providers and to the public. Initial studies indicate interest in BRCA1 testing in the general public and in populations at high risk. However, the optimal strategies for educating(More)
Informed consent for BRCA1 mutation testing will require adequate knowledge of patterns of inheritance of cancer and the benefits, limitations, and risks of DNA testing. This study examined knowledge about the inheritance of breast cancer and attitudes about genetic testing for breast-ovarian cancer susceptibility in women at increased risk. Knowledge and(More)
To date, research examining adherence to genetic counseling principles has focused on specific counseling activities such as the giving or withholding of information and responding to client requests for advice. We audiotaped 43 prenatal genetic counseling sessions and used data-driven, qualitative, sociolinguistic methodologies to investigate how language(More)
OBJECTIVES We conducted a randomized trial to investigate racial differences in response to two alternate pretest education strategies for BRCA1 genetic testing: a standard education model and an education plus counseling (E + C) model. MATERIALS AND METHODS Two hundred twenty-eight Caucasian women and 70 African American women with a family history of(More)
The identification of BRCA1 and BRCA2, two breast-ovarian cancer susceptibility genes, has brought many ethical and social issues to the forefront. This paper presents the results of a survey assessing the attitudes of 238 unaffected first-degree relatives of women with breast or ovarian cancer regarding the ethical issues of autonomy and confidentiality as(More)
This article reviews the work carried out by the NSGC ad hoc Committee on Ethical Codes and Principles between 1986 and 1991 and serves as a guide for interpreting the NSGC Code of Ethics. The NSGC Code of Ethics is written from the “ethic of care” perspective. It is based on the responsibilities that arise from the four primary relationships genetic(More)
Two male half siblings developed rapid progression of neurologic symptoms at 11/2 and 21/2 years of age. Neither boy had a metabolic acidosis. Characteristic features of subacute necrotizing encephalomyelopathy, the neuropathologic basis of Leigh's syndrome, were demonstrated at autopsy. X-linkage of the disorder was considered because the boys had(More)
BACKGROUND The recent identification of several BRCA1/BRCA2 founder mutations among Ashkenazi Jewish individuals has led to increased salience of BRCA1/BRCA2 testing for Jewish individuals. Little is known about interest in BRCA1/BRCA2 testing among Ashkenazi Jews from the general population. Furthermore, previous research has not generally evaluated the(More)
PURPOSE To determine the genetics education needs and priorities of dietitians, occupational therapists, physical therapists, psychologists, speech-language-hearing specialists, and social workers. METHODS A random sample mail survey of 3,600 members of 6 national health professional organizations was undertaken in 1998 and resulted in 1,958 responses. (More)