Judith K. Evans

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PURPOSE In early clinical trials with patients receiving highly emetogenic chemotherapy, the neurokinin antagonist aprepitant significantly enhanced the efficacy of a standard antiemetic regimen consisting of a type-three 5-hydroxytryptamine antagonist and a corticosteroid. This multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase III study was(More)
BACKGROUND Aprepitant is a novel neurokinin 1 (NK(1)) antagonist that has been shown to improve control of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) when added to a standard antiemetic regimen of a 5-hydroxytriptamine-3 antagonist plus a corticosteroid. The authors sought to evaluate further the efficacy and tolerability of aprepitant plus standard(More)
PURPOSE This analysis evaluated whether the antiemetic efficacy of the NK1 receptor antagonist aprepitant (EMEND trade mark, Merck, Whitehouse Station, NJ) plus standard antiemetics could be sustained for up to six cycles of cisplatin-based chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients receiving cisplatin > or = 70 mg/m2 were blindly assigned to receive one(More)
Advances in antiemetic therapy for chemotherapy-induced emesis have resulted in improved protection against symptoms occurring within 24 h of chemotherapy. However, the vomiting which tends to occur beyond 24 h after chemotherapy (delayed-phase vomiting) is still relatively poorly controlled by the currently available drugs, suggesting that more than one(More)
In this work, data from two phase III studies were pooled to further evaluate the NK(1) antagonist aprepitant for prevention of cisplatin induced nausea and vomiting. One thousand and forty three patients receiving cisplatin (> or = 70 mg/m2) were randomised to receive either a control regimen (32 mg intravenous ondansetron [O] and 20 mg oral dexamethasone(More)
The NK(1) receptor antagonist aprepitant (EMEND(R)), developed for use in combination with a 5HT(3) receptor antagonist and a corticosteroid to prevent highly emetogenic chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV), has been shown to have a moderate inhibitory effect as well as a possible inductive effect on cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4. Aprepitant has been(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus have a spectrum of glomerular disease, but the different patterns of glomerular injury identified within the general category of "severe" lupus glomerulonephritis are responsible for much of the morbidity and mortality in this disease. The glomerular injury patterns seen with severe lupus(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have suggested that antiemetic therapy with a triple combination of the neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist MK-869, a serotonin (5-HT(3)) antagonist, and dexamethasone provides enhanced control of cisplatin-induced emesis compared with standard therapy regimens. The authors compared the antiemetic activity of a dual combination of(More)
In early clinical trials, the NK(1) receptor antagonist, aprepitant (EMEND(R)) was shown to improve the protection provided by the best available therapy (hereafter referred to as 'standard therapy': a 5-HT(3) receptor antagonist and dexamethasone) against chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting over multiple cycles of cisplatin-based chemotherapy. To(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this randomized clinical trial was to test the hypothesis that ultrasonographic screening would significantly alter perinatal outcome as a result of the antenatal detection of fetal congenital malformations. STUDY DESIGN Pregnant women without a specific indication for ultrasonography were randomly assigned to have either two(More)