Learn More
OBJECTIVE The first specific aim of the present study is to compare the ability of normal-hearing and cochlear implant listeners to use temporal cues in three music perception tasks: tempo discrimination, rhythmic pattern identification, and melody identification. The second aim is to identify the relative contribution of temporal and spectral cues to(More)
OBJECTIVES Report results of a randomized-clinical trial of the efficacy of periodontal care in the improvement of glycemic control in 165 veterans with poorly controlled diabetes over 4 months. METHODS Outcomes were change in Haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in the Early Treatment versus untreated (Usual Care) groups and percent of participants with decreases in(More)
BACKGROUND One third of all Australians live outside of its major cities. Access to health services and health outcomes are generally poorer in rural and remote areas relative to metropolitan areas. In order to improve access to services, many new programs and models of service delivery have been trialled since the first National Rural Health Strategy in(More)
BACKGROUND Antiretroviral medications that are used as prophylaxis can prevent acquisition of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection. However, in clinical trials among African women, the incidence of HIV-1 infection was not reduced, probably because of low adherence. Longer-acting methods of drug delivery, such as vaginal rings, may simplify(More)
Oral conditions can have serious, disabling effects. The purposes of this study are 2-fold: first to estimate the prevalence and severity of self-reported oral problems in male veterans who use Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) outpatient medical (but not dental) care and, second, we examine to what extent the impact of oral conditions is associated with(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a brief measure of oral health-related quality of life (OHQL) in children and demonstrate its reliability and validity in a diverse population. METHODS We administered the initial 20-item Pediatric Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (POQL) to children (Child Self-Report) and parents (Parent Report on Child) from diverse populations(More)
OBJECTIVE Adequate food and fluid intake and nutritional health are requisites for sustaining life. The oral-pharyngeal region has evolved multiple, highly regulated processes to ensure that the intake, chewing, and swallowing of foods and beverages is maintained. The objective of this paper is to identify the independent and collective roles of oral health(More)
BACKGROUND This article describes the oral health of users of Veterans Administration (VA) health care using both clinical and self-report measures, and models relationships between these measures and self-perceived oral health. METHODS We conducted a cross-sectional study of 538 male users of VA outpatient care in the Boston area. Questionnaires assessed(More)
Successful, "innovative" primary health care (PHC) models exist that have adapted to the specific circumstances of their rural and remote context. A typology of discrete, integrated, comprehensive and outreach rural and remote services exists rather than a "one coat fits all" PHC health service model. Successful models are characterised by macro-scale(More)