Judith J Benes

Learn More
The overexpression of antioxidative enzymes such as CuZn-superoxide dismutase (SOD), Mn-SOD, and catalase has previously been reported to extend life span in transgenic flies (Drosophila melanogaster). The purpose of this study was to determine whether life-extending effects persist if the recipient control strains of flies are relatively long-lived.(More)
Polycomb-group (PcG) proteins are highly conserved epigenetic transcriptional repressors that play central roles in numerous examples of developmental gene regulation. Four PcG repressor complexes have been purified from Drosophila embryos: PRC1, PRC2, Pcl-PRC2 and PhoRC. Previous studies described a hierarchical recruitment pathway of PcG proteins at the(More)
The Extra sex combs (ESC) protein is a Polycomb group (PcG) repressor that is a key noncatalytic subunit in the ESC-Enhancer of zeste [E(Z)] histone methyltransferase complex. Survival of esc homozygotes to adulthood based solely on maternal product and peak ESC expression during embryonic stages indicate that ESC is most critical during early development.(More)
The hypothesis that overexpression of glutamate-cysteine ligase (GCL), which catalyzes the rate-limiting reaction in de novo glutathione biosynthesis, could extend life span was tested in the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster. The GAL4-UAS binary transgenic system was used to generate flies overexpressing either the catalytic (GCLc) or modulatory (GCLm)(More)
Peroxiredoxin 5 is a distinct isoform of the peroxiredoxin gene family. The antioxidative and anti-apoptotic functions of peroxiredoxin 5 have been extensively demonstrated in cell culture experiments. In the present paper, we provide the first functional analysis of peroxiredoxin 5 in a multicellular organism, Drosophila melanogaster. Similar to its(More)
BACKGROUND Peroxiredoxins are redox-sensing enzymes with multiple cellular functions. Previously, we reported on the potent antioxidant function of Drosophila peroxiredoxin 5 (dPrx5). Studies with mammalian and human cells suggest that peroxiredoxins can modulate immune-related signaling. METHODS Survivorship studies and bacteriological analysis were used(More)
A subset of patients suffering from familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS) exhibit point mutations in the gene encoding Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase [superoxide:superoxide oxidoreductase, EC (SOD)]. The human wild-type and five FALS Sod mutant transgenes were introduced into the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, in a Cu-Zn Sod null background. Sod(More)
The products of the trithorax and Polycomb groups genes maintain the activity and silence, respectively, of many developmental genes including genes of the homeotic complexes. This transcriptional regulation is likely to involve modification of chromatin structure. Here, we report the cloning and characterization of a new gene, trithorax-related (trr),(More)
The general objective of this study was to examine the role of mitochondria in the aging process. Two alternative hypotheses were tested: (i) that overexpression of Mn superoxide dismutase (Mn SOD) in the mitochondria of Drosophila melanogaster would slow the accrual of oxidative damage and prolong survival or (ii) that there is an evolved optimum level of(More)
Drosophila mitochondria contain two peroxidases, peroxiredoxin 3 (dPrx3) and peroxiredoxin 5 (dPrx5), which together constitute the sole known intramitochondrial mechanism for the catalytic removal of hydrogen and organic peroxides. dPrx3 exists exclusively within mitochondria, whereas dPrx5 is also present in some other intracellular compartments. Levels(More)